The Passage of the Decree of 22 January 1946 on Exceptional Access to Legal Professions
When communists took power in Poland in 1944, they had not enough qualified lawyers to control the judiciary system and the prosecutor's office. They were forced to employ lawyers educated before the war, in different political situation. These lawyers were in opposition to new authority. Because of these reasons the decree of 22 January 1946 was passed. According to it, the Minister of Justice could appoint for judge, prosecutor, attorney and notary any person, even not having legal education. The decree can be regarded as a specific punishment for independent lawyers. The decree established quick and short way to obtain legal profession for those, who were supporting new communist rule. It caused that the judges stopped being independent.
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