SQUARE, EAGLE, AND TRYGLAW - A COMMENT ON JACEK JADACKI'S CONCEPTION OF SEMIOTIC FUNCTIONS OF NAMES)
The article contains the results of the analysis of concepts connected with semantic functions of names. The conception of Jacek Jadacki, exposed in his 'Spór o granice jezyka' (Controversy on the limits of language), is the point of departure of this analysis. The following theses are formulated and argued for: (1) There are two basic semantic functions of names: the referential and the descriptive one. The first function consists in indicating some objects; the second one consists in ascribing properties to some objects; (2) The concepts of indicating and ascribing are primitive ones; (3) The referential function of denotation and the descriptive function of connotation are mutually independent. The term 'connotation' can be defined without using the term 'denotation' and vice versa; (4) Names perform not only the function of designating, i.e. referring to particular objects, but also the function of denominating, i.e. referring to universal (resp. postulated) objects; (5) The connotation of a given name is genetically or conventionally connected with the pragmatic function of ascribing properties to respective objects; (6) In sciences, such connotations of names are sought after, which are, at the same time, essences of designates of these names.
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