The anti-Positivist turn: comple(men)ted
The history of humanities is abundant with numerous turns (anti-Positivist, linguistic, interpretative ones), each of which set for itself the task of showing that humanities differ from natural sciences, being a project that refers to a separate sphere of reality, driven by a method of its own. The same happens with an ethical turn which we are witnessing today. This turn, commenced by the reader-response criticism and neopragmatism, has made us aware that we are judging beings, axiologically interested, and that a purely contemplative attitude toward the world is not part of our equipment. This means that we are switching into a science perceived as a cognitive activity which is ethically, or even politically, involved and which primarily aims at fulfilling our ideals of a 'decent life' and 'decent society'
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