RETURNS OF THE LOST AUTHOR
In the recent decades of the 20th century, little interest about empirical authors within modern literary science, has been problematical mainly in Polish literary practice. The author has been returning into Polish literary scholarly reflection by several ways: as a result of an incursion into the literature of paraliterary genres; as bringing the auto-consciousness of the author to present time, which starts the mechanism of mimesis; as a part of meta-fiction. The conception of a biographical triangle by Czerminska (evidence, profession, challenge) is presented on the background of a discussion on functions and conceptions of genealogical studying of literature (Balcerzan, Bartoszynski, Balbus). A characteristic tendency in Polish literature to mark the work of art by the person of the author, which is treated in the conception of presence of the author in a work as a process (not an artefact), has been approached by Zieniewicz as a style of behaving and style of realness, and, for example, presented by Nycz in a more widely conceived biographical discourse. For the authors of the youngest generation the auto/biographical methods of older generations become biographical figures, which are possible to use in diversely conceived situations of narration and metafiction. In the end of the study it is stated that in the Polish literary scholarly reflection different tendencies are present: studying literature in the framework of genealogical systems as well as discursive approach, in which genealogical notions are suppressed.
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