Vztah Dělnických tělocvičných jednot ke sportu
The Workers’ Gymnastic Union’s relationship with sport
Workers’ Gymnastic Union’s (WGU) were not interested only in physical exercise, as we can say, but they emphasised also cultural and educational activities. They organized trips, theatre performances, and lectures. These spheres made a general image of work in WGU, where the sport activities were joined to the line with physical exercise – the first debates about sport disciplines took place before the World War I. The breaking of taboo gained by Czechoslovakia establishing – a sport was increasingly popular and this was reflected in WGU. In the next years, still more sports unions were established and their organizations were not destroyed even by occupation. The biggest boom of sport in WGU was during the World War II. The study discusses debates on misleading individual sports within the WGU, including those inappropriate ones from the point of view of federal officials and contrary to the spirit of collective cohesion. On the example of German workers’ physical education will be showed a sport activity in gymnastic unions in the Czech lands, respectively in the Czechoslovakia.