INTERFERRENCE OF FICTION AND HISTORY IN A LITERARY PIECE OF ART
J. M. Lotman writes, that those descriptions of culture, drew according to the expressions of spatial modelling, mainly the topological expressions, may be called the models of culture. The actual individual texts can thus be considered the interpretations of these models. In Stefan Banulescus' novel 'Millionaires' book. Book of town Metopolis' (Cartea Milionarului. Cartea de la Metopolis, 1977) we interpreted as the model of binary spatial orientation, that is 'nurtured' by the previous historical 'identical metanarrations' (the term of the Romanian semiotician Monica Spiridon), dealing with the roles of town and village, as well as with the agrarian and pastoral elements in the Romanian culture. As shown in our text, the historical motifs or components evoking the impression of historical relevance that occur in the piece 'Millionaires' Book. Book of town Metopolis' are used primarily on the grounds of compositional and narrative reasons but from another point of view, to high extent determines the ideological orientation of the novel of the given period that 'by usage of parables and symbols becomes a false historical novel'. By the analysis of the studied work we verified, that the cyclically repetitive themes and identical metanarrations have the ability to disrupt the homogenised concepts and myths of the actual culture as well as of its history.
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