POLISH LANGUAGE TUITION IN POLISH SCHOOLS ABROAD - POLISH AS A FOREIGN OR MOTHER TONGUE?
The following article aims at exploring the issue of Polish language tuition at the Polonian schools, catering for the Polish diaspora. Polish language taught to children there isn't always their mother tongue, or their first language. Most commonly it is their second language and very often a foreign one. In ethnic schools therefore one needs to teach Polish both as foreign and mother tongue. On the one side development of a communication competence is needed, which would allow users to engage in various language situations. On the other hand, through the language they have to develop a familiarity with Polish history, literature and culture - which would strengthen their identity. The article will present several research and application proposals that result from a cooperation between the Center for the Polish Language and Culture in the World at the Jagiellonian University and the Jan III Sobieski Polish School in Chicago. The proposals involve: 1.Design of a teaching program for Polonian schools - the design includes both development of communication competence along with history and literature learning. 2. Development of an organizational framework for teaching the Polish language in the Polonian schools. 3. Developing a system of education for teachers in ethnic schools. The recommendations have produced some promising preliminary results; however the condition for further implementation is the strengthening of cooperation between Polish specialists in philology and glottodidactics as well as between teachers in Poland and abroad.
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