MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS VLADIMIR CLEMENTIS, HIS OFFICE AND HIS DIPLOMATS (A CONTRIBUTION TO THE PROBLEM OF FORMATION OF THE DIPLOMACY OF COMMUNIST CZECHOSLOVAKIA IN THE PERIOD 1948-1949) (Slovak title below)
(Slovak title: Ministr zahranicnich veci Vladimir Clementis, jeho urad a jeho diplomate (Prispevek k problemu formovani diplomacie komunistickeho Ceskoslovenska v letech 1948 - 1949)). The study is concerned with the activities of Vladimir Clementis (1901-1952) in directing the diplomacy of Czechoslovakia, especially in the role of minister of foreign affairs in the period 1948-1950. Clementis, leftist intellectual and 'undogmatic' communist as a head of Prague diplomacy, after the communist coup of February 1948, still attempted to achieve some degree of autonomy in the foreign policy of people's democratic Czechoslovakia. However, the growing Cold War between the Soviet Union and the West reduced the space for such a policy almost to zero. The views of Moscow became the deciding factor for the diplomatic activity of Czechoslovakia. The majority of specific steps, including the appointment of personnel to the Prague diplomatic apparatus, were not decided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, but by the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. In February 1949, Clementis was forced to introduce a radical reorganization of his office according to the model of the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which gave the Prague foreign ministry roughly the organizational structure. In relation to the overall development of world politics, Clementis had to give up most of his more independent positions. However, pressure from the 'Stalinists' led by V. Siroky, led him being deprived of his post in March 1950 and replaced by Siroky himself. Clementis was fallen victim to the fabricated political trial in 1952.
- PhDr. Jindrich Dejmek, DrSc., Historicky ustav AV CR, Prosecka 76, 190 00 Praha 9, Czech Republic
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