ROMANSH-SPEAKING PEOPLE. A HARD SUCCESS OF A SMALL GROUP: HISTORICAL AND CURRENT SITUATION
The authoress presents the history and the current situation of the Romansh-speaking people inhabiting the Grishun canton (Graubunden, Grisons, Grigioni) located in the farthest east part of Switzerland. The matter under discussion is the shrinking population and weakening of the language or rather its dialects under the influence of migration and civilizational changes in the 19th century. At the same time it must be noted that in the 30s of the 19th century there have been attempts starting to revive the cultural and organizational functioning of the nation. In 1919 the Romansh league was called into being. In 1938 there were successful actions leading to the acceptance of the language as one of the national languages of the Helvetian Confederation and attempts to standardize it.
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