TENDENCIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF CLASSICISM-STYLE PARK ART IN EUROPE AND LITHUANIA (Klasicistinio stiliaus parku meno tendencijos bei raida Europoje ir Lietuvoje)
This paper discusses the development and tendencies of classicism-style park art at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 19th c in Europe and Lithuania. Major attention is paid to general reasons of the appearance of classicism style, its special features and changes which were visible after contradictorily estimated epoch of baroque. On the basis of general features and planned and spatial structure of park ensembles in classicism of that time in such European countries as France, England, Germany, Russia and Poland, the author attempts to find correlations and special features in Lithuanian parks. The author reviews theoretical and practical works of European specialists in landscape and natural sciences, which were important in developing parks of a new style. Also, attention is drawn to some terms in Lithuanian literature which describe parks in classicism style and which are used unprecisely. A short summary of the most important created and replanned classicism-style parks in Lithuania is given.
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