PROBLEMS IN URBAN STRUCTURE FORMATION AND PRINCIPLES OF LAND USE CLASSIFICATION (Urabanistiniu Strukturu Formavimo IR Zemes Naudojimo Klasifikavimo Problematika)
Formation of urban structures and systematic evaluation remain one of the most important problems causing reduction of planning efficiency. The main negative factors result from undeveloped and nonsystematic planning system. Formation of structures doesn't gain access to the circle of the greatest interests, comparing with land owners' and developers' interests to increase the variety and value of land use. Procedural participation of sectorial institutions assumes monopolistic and nonnegotiable character in the present practice, and political judgement is the only evaluation form existing in planning system and it doesn't guarantee objectiveness. Land use purposes, types and subtypes don't correlate with urban planning objectives, physical and functional variety of objects. Links between formation of urban structures and principles of land use classification, informational welfare, structure evaluation principles, development intentions as well as correlation of their significance alternation with evolution of communication and informational technologies are analysed in this paper. Suggestions for solving problems in urban structure formation are set forward: to liberalize and transfer comprehensive reasoning of land use types, forms and regulation to the planner's competence, considering that the forms, role and significance of urban structures are changing, and proceed to a qualitatively new systematic evaluation, based on city e-models and identification and monetarization of external effects.
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