PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2009 | 16 | 3 | 283-303
Tytuł artykułu

TWO APPROACHES TO EVENT ONTOLOGY

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In the paper, the author distinguishes between the semantic and the 'direct' approach to event ontology. The first approach, employed by D. Davidson, starts with logical analysis of natural language. This analysis uncovers quantification over the domain of events. Thus, we have ontological commitment to events and, at the same time, also a suggestion of how to view their nature. The second approach, used by J. Kim and D. Lewis, deals with events 'directly', i.e. not by analyzing language first. Events are postulated because they are useful in other theories (of causation, explanation, etc.) and their nature is adjusted to the needs of these theories. In the paper, the author analyzes both approaches and outlines their problems and advantages. He concludes that we should conditionally prefer the latter approach on the methodological grounds. This preference is based on the assumption that submitting hypotheses to the tests seems to be a crucial part of metaphysical methodology. Since the 'direct' approach to event ontology allows for more testing, it should be preferred over the semantic approach.
Twórcy
  • Eugen Zelenak, Katedra filozofie, Filozoficka fakulta, Katolicka univerzita v Ruzomberku, Hrabovska cesta 1, 034 01 Ruzomberok, Slovak Republic; www.klemens.sav.sk/fiusav/organon
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
09SKAAAA07041
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.0c97e7da-41a2-38f2-b452-d422576f9ae0
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.