REPRESSIVE ACTIONS AGAINST UKRAINIAN BIOMEDICAL INTELLIGENTIA IN THE YEARS OF TOTALITARIAN REGIME (BY MATERIALS OF O.GOLYACHENKO, YA. GANITKEVICH, S. BILOKON') (Ukrainian title - below)
(Title in Ukrainian - 'Represyvni diyi proty ukrayinskoyi biomedychnoyi intelyhentsiyi v roky totalitarnoho rezhymu (za materialamy O.Holyachenka, Ya. Hanitkevycha, S.Bilokonya'). A detailed account of repressions against biomedical section of the All-Ukrainian Academy of Science (AUAS), which began at the end of 20s and went on in 30s of the last century in given. They began in 1929, with imprisoning of 45 most distinguished Ukrainian scientists (including professors of the Kyiv Medical Institute) and workers of culture, followed by dissolution of the Medical section of the AUAS in 1931, liquidation of neuro-physiological laboratories at Ukrainian HEEs in 1932, introduction of 'marxist-leninist psychology', stopping of the process of creating new Ukrainian medical terminology. Reorganization of the Ukrainian Academy in 1934 ended up with crushing the Ukrainian demographic school. After that, in 1936, Party resolution against the Ukrainian Institute of Experimental Medicine (created as a Ukrainian research organization of the European type) and its Director was approved. In the same (1936) year liquidation of Ukrainian HEEs was launched, as the Russian language was introduced as the teaching language in medical institutes. The universities and medical institutes on the territory of Ukraine were assigned the All-Union status, and their graduates were sent beyond the Ukrainian boundaries. It is proved by documents that Ukrainian medical schools were disappearing in that period as a result of intentional and unprecedented repressions, but not due to time passage or competition, and that the Ukrainian medical science was ruined by the party authorities by sending scientists and lecturers from Russia, which occupied institutions, chairs, departments or laboratories created by their Ukrainian predecessors.
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