Texty a kontexty. Několik poznámek k postavení slovesné folkloristiky mezi evropskou etnologií a kulturní antropologií
THE TEXTS AND CONTEXTS. SOME COMMENTS ON THE POSITION OF LITERARY FOLKLORISTICS BETWEEN EUROPEAN ETHNOLOGY AND CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
The study reflects on the actual position of literary folkloristics within the domestic academic discourse. Although - at the very beginning of ethnologic research - the studies of folklore texts were in the foreground and a more remarkable interest in artefacts of material or folk culture as a whole occurred much more later, at present the study of folklore reaches a certain marginal position, being even part of rhetoric proclaimed by proponents of different schools in cultural and social anthropology. The essay reflects on the causes of the above contemporary phenomenon, considering the inherent characteristics of folkloristics, and - simultaneously - outlining the impulses to the next development thereof. The main sense and importance of literary folkloristics, a discipline being in an apparently 'schizophrenic' position on the boundary between humanities and social sciences, is regarded not as taking-over of the period conjunctural themes, theories or methodologies from other branches, but as emphasizing of collection and analysis of the texts widespread by word of mouth, which should especially be in the foreground of folkloristic researches.
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