Names of 'fist' in the 'General Slavic Linguistic Atlas' files
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The article presents the geographical location of morphonologically reconstructed Proto-Slavonic (familiar) and loan (etymologically simplified) forms that mean 'fist'. The analysis is based on material that had been stored in the archives of the 'General Slavic Linguistic Atlas', collected in about 850 local points on the territory of all Slavonic countries. A feature characteristic for the reflex forms meaning 'fist' is their little differentiation in quantity (only about 30 basic forms) and distinct areal accumulation, together with a relatively large territorial contribution of reflexes of loan-word forms. The West-Slavic and Slovenian linguistic areas are dominated by the reflex forms '*pest-6' (where 6 stands for a high reduced front vowel called 'jer'). A smaller area (mostly Serbian, partly Montenegrin, Croatian, Bulgarian and Macedonian) is being occupied by the reflexes of the '*pest-6n-ic-a' form. '*Sak-a' reflexes are found at majority of Croatian linguistic region, as are forms derived from the Proto-Slavonic '*tup-an-ic-a' in Macedonian area. The Slavonic territory is generally dominated by reflex forms of Turkish origin –'*(kulak)-7' - where 7 stands for a high reduced back vowel called 'jer' (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus), and '(jumruk)-7' (Bulgaria) along with, though marginally, of Italian descent - in south-west periphery (Slovenia). The results are pictured on an attached map.
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