RELIGIOUSNESS IN EASTERN CENTRAL EUROPE. FACTS AND INTERPRETATIONS (Vallasossag Kelet-Kozep-Europaban. Tenyek es ertelmezesek)
Recent changes in religious state cannot to be sufficiently explained by the secularization theory only, as these are due partly to the socio-economical modernization and partly to the totalitarianisms. Therefore, for the correct interpretation, we need to consider both the totalitarianism intentional tradition destroying aims resulting in anomy, as well as the social and clerical opposition against it. The religious revival starting from the late seventies is also a contradictory phenomenon. Firstly, because it is only the appearance: religiousness hidden for decades became apparent, and moreover, in correlation with the loss of credibility of the political authority. Secondly, as it is an institutional reorganization; and thirdly, as it is a change impacting the social form of religion. The custom-religion as part of tradition weakens and to a limited extent, personally chosen devotion emerges instead of it. The contemporary religiousness apparently strengthens satisfaction, human-social relationships, social attitudes, nationalism, and right-wing political attitudes. Due to the increased personal commitments, the social role of the decreased number of members of religious groups is not necessarily less important than it used to be in the social system type preceding the Party State.
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