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Czasopismo
2009 | 2 | 15-21
Tytuł artykułu

THREE KINDS OF HISTORIOGRAPHY (Trzy modele historiografii)

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
Three kinds of historiography and the process of their development throughout the course of history are described in the paper. The first of them, known as long back as in antiąuity, is the judging historiography. According to the Latin maxim 'historia vitae magistra', its objective is to provide the contemporaries with mora! instructions through the assessment of past events. Following this one is the positivistic historiography that arose during the 19th century. It is meant to reconstruct the past as it was, with no evaluation. In this approach the possibility of an absolute objectivity is assumed, presenting sheer facts instead of judgments. The third kind - that is the anthropological historiography - was developed in the 20th century, as the possibility of avoiding judgments in the historiographical discourse, that has been questioned. Even presenting irrefutable facts includes some method of information selection and thus is based on an assessment of importance that implies an axiology. The anthropological historiography relinquishes the judgment as well as objectivity and instead it chooses to comprehend past societies in the way of empathetic interpretation of human actions: positivistic method of source criticism needs to be enhanced with deciphering the communication code to which the source belongs.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Numer
2
Strony
15-21
Opis fizyczny
Rodzaj publikacji
ARTICLE
Twórcy
  • Karol Modzelewski, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Instytut Historyczny, ul. Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26/28, 00-927 Warszawa, Polska
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
09PLAAAA06875
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.017cb3b5-5bca-37e5-b85c-cb9b4dcb7ba7
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