ROMAN INGARDEN'S CONCEPT OF NARRATIVITY IN THE CONTEXT OF BERGSONIAN AND FORMALIST APPROACHES
Ingarden's philosophy of literature was inspired by Husserl, Twardowski and Bergson. Yet it was Bergson with his studies about time and duration as well as the material traces of time impressed in memory that appears to have been not only a major influence on Ingarden's semantic imagination but also an inspiration for his narrative conception of meaning. This article examines the sequential aspects of Ingarden's theory of the literary work, focusing on the irresolvable tension between the temporality (instability) of meanings and their spatiality (stability), Ingarden is thus situated in the context of formalist approaches, also indebted to Bergson, whose inspiration played a key role in the rise of Central European narrativist studies betore the war. The Bergson connection has also intluenced their distinctness with regard to constructivist and conventionalist tendencies and a much easier relationship with various cognitivistic projects.
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