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2012 | 19 | 1 | 3-7
Tytuł artykułu

Squat - Rules of Performing and Most Common Mistakes

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The squat is an exercise which is commonly applied in sport, recreation and while performing numerous everyday activities [1, 2, 3]. The improper performance of the squat leads to the shaping of an improper movement pattern.In this work the methodology of teaching the squat, which has to be learnt to constitute a significant element in the prophylaxis of the musculoskeletal system overloads, is described.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
19
Numer
1
Strony
3-7
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2012-03-01
online
2012-06-14
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Physiotherapy, Jozef Rusiecki University College in Olsztyn
  • Faculty of Physiotherapy, Jozef Rusiecki University College in Olsztyn
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Department of Posture Correction, The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw
Bibliografia
  • Fry, C. A., Smith C. & Schilling B. K. (2003). Effect of knee position on hip and knee torques during the barbell squat. J. Strength Cond. Res. 17(4), 629-633.
  • Kritz, M., Cronin J. & Hume P. (2009). The bodyweight squat, a movement screen for the squat pattern. Strength Cond. J. 31(1), 76-85.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Rippetoe, M. (2001). Let's learn how to coach the squat. Strength Cond. J. 23(3), 11-12.
  • Abelbeck, K. G. (2002). Biomechanical model and evaluation of linear motion squat type exercise. J. Strength Cond. Res. 16, 516-524.
  • Bell, D. R., Padua D. A. & Clark M. A. (2008). Muscle strength and flexibility characteristics of people displaying excessive medial knee displacement. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 89, 1323-1328.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Comfort, P. & Kasin P. (2007). Optimizing Squat Technique. Strength Cond. J. 29(6), 10-13.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Dionisio, V. C., Almeida G. L., Duarte M. & Hirata R. P. (2008). Kinematic, kinetic and EMG patterns during downward squatting. J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 18, 134-143.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Escamilla, R. F., Fleisig G. S., Zheng N., Barrentine S. W., Wilke K. E. & Andrews J. R. (1998). Biomechanics of the knee during closed kinetic chain and open kinetic chain exercises. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 30, 556-569.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Chandler, T. J. & Stone M. H. (1991). The squat exercise in athletic conditioning. A position statement and review of the literature. Strength Cond. J. 13, 51-60.
  • Cook, G. (2003). Athletic Body in Balance. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
  • Cibulka, M. T. & Threlkeld-Watkins J. (2005). Patellofemoral pain and asymmetrical hip rotation. Phys. Ther. 85, 1201-1207.[PubMed]
  • Kendall, F. P., McCreary E. K., Provance P. G., Rodgers M. M. & Romani W. A. (2005). Muscles testing and function with posture and pain (5th edition). Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
  • Sahrmann, S. A. (2002). Diagnosis and Treatment of Movement Impairment Syndromes. St. Louis: Mosby.[PubMed]
  • Liebenson, C. (2006). Functional fitness training. Part 2. J. Bodywork Movement Ther. 10, 208-210.
  • Tyson, A. (2001). "Hip-Hinge" to a healthy back. Strength Cond. J. 23(1), 74-75.[Crossref]
  • Graham, J. F. (2002). Front Squat. Strength Cond. J. 24(3), 75-76.[WoS]
  • Graham, J. F. (2009). Wall squat with stability ball and dumbbells. Strength Cond. J. 31(1), 48-49.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Willson, J. D., Ireland M. L. & Davis I. (2006). Core strength and lower extremity alignment during single leg squats. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 38, 945-952.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Liebenson, C. (2003). Activity modification advice: part II - squats. J. Bodywork Movement Ther. 7(4), 230-232.
  • McCaw, S. T. & Melrose D. R. (2000). Stance width and bar load effects on leg muscle activity during the parallel squat in strength training and rehabilitation. Strength Cond. J. 22(3), 30-37.
  • Ninos, J. C., Irrgang J. J., Burdett R. & Weiss J. R. (1997). Electromyographic analysis of the squat performed in self-selected lower extremity neutral rotation and 30° of lower extremity turn-out from the self-selected neutral position. J. Orthop. Sports Phys. Ther. 25, 307-315.[Crossref]
  • Kingma, I., Bosch T., Bruins L. & Van Dieen J. H. (2004). Foot positioning instruction, initial vertical load position and lifting technique: Effects on low back loading. Ergonomics 47, 1365-1385.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Claiborne, T. L., Armstrong C. W., Gandhi V. & Pincivero D. M. (2006). Relationship between hip and knee strength and knee valgus during a single leg squat. J Appl. Biomech. 22(1), 41-50.[PubMed]
  • McGill, S. (2006). Ultimate Back Fitness and Performance (3rd edition). Waterloo: Wabuno, Backfitpro, Inc.
  • O'Sullivan, P., Dankaerts W., Burnett A., Chen D., Booth R., Carlsen C. et al. (2006). Evaluation of the flexion relaxation phenomenon of the trunk muscles in sitting. Spine. 31(17), 2009-2016.[Crossref]
  • Donnelly, D. V., Berg W. P. & Fiske D. M. (2006). The effect of the direction of gaze on the kinematics of the squat exercise. J. Strength Cond. Res. 20, 145-150.
  • Bollen, S. (2000). Epidemiology of knee injuries, diagnosis and triage. Br. J. Sports Med. 34, 227-228. DOI:10.1136/bjsm.34.3.227-a.[Crossref]
  • Ebben, W. P., Leigh D. H., Jensen RL. (2000). The role of the back squat as a hamstring training stimulus. Strength Cond. J. 22(5), 15-17.[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10197-012-0001-6
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