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2011 | 32 | 1 | 41-55
Tytuł artykułu

Pollutant concentrations from deciduous wood fuelled heat station

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
CO, NO, NO2 and dust concentrations from combustion of deciduous wood (birch, beech, lime-tree) logs and pellets in two heating boilers (15 and 25 KW), situated in a heat station were investigated. Time dependences of pollutant concentrations as well as the impact of temperature in the combustion chamber and oxygen concentration on pollutant concentrations were presented. Pollutant emission indices have been estimated.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
32
Numer
1
Strony
41-55
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-03-01
online
2011-04-05
Twórcy
  • Institute of Environmental Engineering, Division of Heating, Air Conditioning and Air Protection, Poznan University of Technology, Piotrowo 3A, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
Bibliografia
  • EN 12048:1999. Solid fertilizers and liming materials-Determination of moisture content - Gravimetric method by drying at (105 ± 2)°C.
  • Hartmann H., Reisinger K., Thuneke K., Holdrich A., Rossman P., 2006. Biomass small installations- handbook. German Ministry of Food, Agriculture.
  • Johansson L. S., Leckner B., Gustovsson L., Cooper D., Tullin C., Potter A., 2004. Emission characteristics of modern and old-type residential boilers fired with wood logs and wood pellets. Atmos. Environ., 38, 4183-4195. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.04.020.[Crossref]
  • Juszczak M., 2007. Variation of thermal parameters and pollutant concentrations during alder log thermal utilization in the heating boiler. Folia Forestalia Polonica. Ser. B, Wood Sci., 38, 77-86.
  • Juszczak M., 2008. Comparison of thermal and flow boiler parameters and pollutant concentrations from waste wood incineration in two heating boilers- working at low thermal output. Archives of Waste Management and Environmental Protection, 7, 51-60.
  • Kjällstrand J., Olsson M., 2004. Chimney emission from small-scale burning pellets and fuelwood- examples referring to different combustion appliances. Biomass Bioenergy, 27, 557-561. DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.08.014.[Crossref]
  • Knaus H., Richter S., Unterberger S., Schnell U., Maier H., Hein K. R. G., 2000. On the application of different turbulence models for the computation of fluid flow and combustion processes in small scale wood heaters. Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 21, 99-108. DOI: 10.1016/S0894-1777(99)00059-X[Crossref]
  • Kubica K., 1999. Criteria for energetic and ecological efficacy of low thermal output and solid fuel boilers used in town. Certificate for token of ecological safety. Institute of Coal Transformation, Gliwice (in Polish).
  • Lundgren J., Hernansson R., Dahl J., 2004. Experimental studies of a biomass boiler suitable for small district heating systems. Biomass Bioenergy, 26, 443-453. DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.09.001[Crossref]
  • Nussbaumer T., 2003. Combustion and co-combustion of biomass: fundamentals, technologies, and primary measures for emission reduction. Energy Fuels, 17, 1510-1521. DOI: 10.1021/ef030031q.[Crossref]
  • Orlowski P., Dobrzanski W., 1976. Steam boilers in power industry, WNT Warsaw (in Polish).
  • PN-EN-303-5:2002. Heating boilers. Part 5: Heating boilers for solid fuels, hand and automatically stocked, nominal heat output of up to 300 kW. Terminology, requirements, testing and marking (in Polish).
  • Regulation of Minister for Environment from the 4 th of August 2003 related to emission standards (in Polish), Dziennik Ustaw Nr 163 poz. 1584, 18.09.2003.
  • Saravanakumar A., Haridasan T. M., Reed T. B., Kasturi Bai R, 2007. Experimental investigations of log stick wood gasification in a bottom lit updraft fixed bed gasifier. Fuel Process. Technol., 88, 617-622. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2007.02.003[Crossref][WoS]
  • Wiinikka H., Gebart R., Boman Ch., Boström D., Nordin A., □hman M., 2006. High-temperature aerosol formation in wood pellets flames: Spatially resolved measurements. Combust. Flame, 147, 278-293. DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2006.08.009[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10176-011-0004-8
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