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2011 | 51 | 1 | 5-14
Tytuł artykułu

The Normal Body - Anthropology of Bodily Otherness

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Human biology and medical science focus on the normality of the human body. This focus deserves, however, to be questioned. Cultural studies, in contrast, focus on normalities in plural - normalities of diverse cultures, revealed by comparison and under the historical perspective of change. The normality and otherness of bodily ageing delivers pictures for this analytical problem, among these the figure of the shaman, the elderly as healer.Normality is connected with power. That is why the cultural analysis of normalization can be connected with the theory of democracy, especially with the understanding of human sovereignty and equality, otherness and recognition.Likewise, the theory of sports as a field of trialectic tensions opens up concrete, bodily differences. The body of the Japanese sumo wrestler delivers a living picture of how to relate to bodily otherness. This leads to a deeper understanding of the politics of recognition and of bodily relativity. Additionaly, normality in terms of biology and normalities in terms of cultural studies need to be confronted within a critical dialogue.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
51
Numer
1
Strony
5-14
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-06-01
online
2011-06-21
Twórcy
  • University of Southern Denmark
Bibliografia
  • Eichberg, H. (1998). Body Cultures. Essays on Sport, Space and Identity. London, New York: Routledge.
  • Eichberg, H. (2004). The People of Democracy: Understanding Self-Determination on the Basis of Body and Movement. Århus Klim.
  • Eichberg, H. (2010). Sports in the life cycle: Diversity in and of ageing. In Bodily Democracy: Towards a Philosophy of Sport for All. London: Routledge.
  • Foucault, M. (1975). Surveiller et punir. La naissance de la prison. Paris: Gallimard. - In English: Discipline and Punishment. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
  • Guttmann, A. & Thompson, L. (2001). Japanese Sports: A History. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
  • Hueglin, T. O. (1999). Early Modern Concepts for a Late Modern World: Althusius on Community and Federalism. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
  • Inagaki, S. (1988). A Japanese collection of pictures about the grotesque body.
  • Jespersen, E. & McNamee, M. (2008). Philosophy, adapted physical activity and disability. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, 2(2), 87-96.
  • Korsgaard, O. (1982). Kampen om kroppen. Dansk idræts historie gennem 200 år. (Struggle about the body: 200 years of Danish sport history.). Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
  • Lindsay, C. & Schefold, R. (1992). Mentawai Shaman - Keeper of the Rain Forest. Man, Nature, and Spirits in Remote Indonesia. New York: Aperture.
  • Möller, J. (1990). Sumo - Kampf und Kult. Historische und religiöse Aspekte des japanischen Ringens. Sank Augustin: Academia.
  • Möller, J. (Ed.) (1994). Sumo. München: Iudicium-Verlag.
  • Newton, C. & Toff, G. J. (1994). Dynamic Sumo. Tokyo: Kodansha International.
  • Povlsen, J. (2000). Representations of the body in old age - cultural and social change. In J. Hansen & N. Kayser Nielsen (Eds.), Sports, Body and Health. Odense: Odense University Press.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10141-011-0001-0
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