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2012 | 4 | 3 | 147-154
Tytuł artykułu

Proposal to use an obstructed timed “up & go” test to assess the risk of falling in healthy elderly individuals

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: Obstacles are a common cause of falls. Mobility tests for healthy elderly that involve maneuvering over an obstacle have not been fully developed. We have shown that a small box placed on the walkway of a representative mobility test, the Timed Up & Go (TUG) for the frail elderly, influences the test performances of the healthy female elderly. However, the validity of this obstructed TUG (OTUG) as a fall risk assessment tool has not yet been clarified. This study examined the relationship between the OTUG and the fall risk for the healthy elderly. Material/Methods: 66 healthy community-dwelling elderly and 19 healthy elderly persons living in a nursing home participated in the study. In the TUG, participants stood up from a chair, walked 3 m, turned around, walked back to the chair and sat down. In the OTUG, a box (height 5 cm, depth 10 cm) was placed at the midpoint of the walkway. Participants were instructed to step over it safely. Times required to perform the respective test were recorded. Fall risk scores, the required times (s) for the TUG and OTUG and difference ratios (OTUG/TUG x 100) (%) were analyzed. Results: Correlations between fall risk and other mobility performances were all significant. However, the correlation between fall risk and the OTUG (r = 0.60) was significantly higher than that between fall risk and the TUG (r=0.49) (t=3.733, p<0.001). Conclusions: Compared to the TUG, the OTUG is more valid for assessing the fall risk of community- dwelling healthy elderly
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
4
Numer
3
Strony
147-154
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2012-10-01
otrzymano
zaakceptowano
online
2012-10-29
Twórcy
  • Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Japan
Bibliografia
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  • 2. Takahashi T, Ishida K, Hirose D, et al. Vertical ground reaction force shape is associated with gait parameters, timed up and go, and functional reach in elderly females. J Rehabil Med 2004; 36(1):42-45.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 3. Podsiadlo D, Richardson S. The timed “Up and Go”. A test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 1991;39:142-148.
  • 4. Gokan H. Timed “Up and Go” test (TUG). In: Uchiyama Y, Kobayashi T, Shiomi T, editors. A manual forclinical assessment tools. Tokyo, Kyodo Isho Shuppan; 2006: 108-118.
  • 5. Pavol MJ, Owings TM, Foley KT, Grabiner MD. Mechanisms leading to a fall from an induced trip in healthy older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001;56(7):428-437.[Crossref]
  • 6. Pavol MJ, Owings TM, Foley KT, Grabiner MD. Gait characteristics as risk factors for falling from trips induced in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1999;54(11):583-590.[Crossref]
  • 7. Schillings I, Mulder T, Duysens J. Stumbling over obstacles in older adults compared to young adults. J Neurophysiol 2005;94(2):1158-1168.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 8. Troy KL, Grabiner MD. The presence of an obstacle influences the stepping response during induced trips and surrogate tasks. Exp Brain Res 2005;161:343-350.
  • 9. Demura S, Uchiyama M. Influence of various obstacle height on the Timed “Up & Go” test in young adults. Sport Sci Health 2007;2:23-28.[Crossref]
  • 10. Demura S, Uchiyama M. Proper assessment of the falling risk in the elderly by a physical mobility test with an obstacle. Tohoku J Exp Med 2007;212:13-20.[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
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  • 13. Lundin-Olsson L, Nyberg L, Gustafson Y. “Stops walking when talking” as a predictor of falls in elderly people. Lancet 1997;349(9052):617.
  • 14. Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott M, Kerns KA, Baldwin M. The effects of two types of cognitive tasks on postural stability in older adults with and without a history of falls. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1997;52(4):M232-240.[Crossref]
  • 15. Suzuki T. Development and its use of a falling risk assessment chart for the elderly population. In: HealthAssessment Committee editors. Health Assessment Manual. Tokyo, Kosei Kagaku Kenkyusyo; 2001: 142-152.
  • 16. Yokoya T, Demura S, Sato S. Relationships between physical activity, ADL capacity and fall risk in community-dwelling Japanese elderly population. Environ Health Prev Med 2007;12:25-32.[Crossref]
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  • 18. Arnadottir SA, Mercer VS. Effects of footwear on measurements of balance and gait in women between the ages of 65 and 93 years. Phys Ther 2000;80(1):17-27.
  • 19. Hughes C, Osman C, Woods AK. Relationship among performance on stair ambulation, Functional Reach, and Timed Up and Go tests in older adults. Issues Aging 1998;21:18-22.
  • 20. Shumway-Cook A, Brauer S, Woollacott M. Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the Timed Up & Go Test. Phys Ther 2000;80(9):896-903.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10131-012-0015-y
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