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2010 | 2 | 2 | 150-157
Tytuł artykułu

Distribution of Foot Pressing Forces in a Standing Position of Children and Youth in the Light of Prevention and Correction

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: The aim of this paper was to show abnormalities in distribution of foot pressing forces in standing position in children and youths, and also related consequences, in the light of preventive and corrective actions.Material/Methods: The research was conducted in December 2009 at the Rehabilitation Centre in Malbork. It was part of a huge research project covering almost 2500 people. The control group comprised of 205 students in two age groups: 7-9 years old and 17-19 years old. The examined students attend two schools: No 3 Primary School in Pruszcz Gdański and No 2 Secondary Schools Group in Malbork. For analysis of the distribution of foot pressing forces Zebris FDMS measuring plate aimed at a computer foot diagnosis was used.Results: An analysis of the performed examinations shows that the highest values of pressuring forces among children and youth attending schools are at the calcanean tuber - 7.77 and 9.68 N/cm2, accordingly. The average recorded value of the pressuring force at the calcanean tuber was more than twice bigger than the most loaded part of metatarsus among school children. A similar situation has been observed among the youths attending school.Conclusions: Abnormalities in the value and distribution of foot pressing forces have been observed. Early-school children and secondary school youths tend to overload the calcanean tuber. An excessive load of the central part of metatarsus was observed as compared to its lateral and medial part in both the age groups.In the future those overloads can be a cause of pain ailments and lead to feet dysfunction and deformation such as transverse platypodia, hallux valgus, mallet toes, calcanean spur, callosities. Systematic check-ups and preventive actions can minimise posture distortions and prevent fixation of those changes.
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
2
Numer
2
Strony
150-157
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2010-01-01
online
2010-12-20
Twórcy
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
  • Jedrzej Sniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Borkowska M, Gelleta-Mac I. Wady postawy i stóp u dzieci [Posture and foot abnormalities among children]. Warszawa: PZWL; 2004 [in Polish].
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  • Malina H. Wady kończyn dolnych: postępowanie korekcyjne [Abnormalities of the lower extremities: corrective mearures]. Kraków: Kasper; 1996 [in Polish].
  • Wilczyński J. Korekcja wad postawy człowieka [Correction of faulty posture]. Starachowice: Anthropos; 2005 [in Polish].
  • Kasperczyk T. Wady postawy ciała, diagnostyka, leczenie [Faulty posture, diagnostics, treatment]. 5th ed. Kraków: Kasper; 2002.
  • Karovska M, Karovski G, Poposka V, et al. The influence of corrective gymnastic for prevention of deformities of muscular skeleton. In: Physical Activity, Growth and Development. EUSUHM Congress in Dubrovnik. Dubrovnik; 2005: 61.
  • Utrobičić I, Šonjić M, Rogulj M. Influence of the extrascolar sport activities on the BMI of the elementary school pupils - grade 8. In: Physical activity, growth and development. Eusuhm Congress in Dubrovnik. Dubrovnik; 2005: 139.
  • Juhović-Markus V, Sikirica I, Božić S. Promoting physical activity for health protection. In: Physical activity, growth and development. Eusuhm Congress in Dubrovnik. Dubrovnik; 2005; 230.
  • Przeździak W, Nyka B. Zastosowanie kliniczne protez, ortoz i środków pomocniczych [Clinical application of protheses, orthosis and adjuntcts]. Gdańsk: Via Medica; 2008 [in Polish].
  • Zeyland Malawka E. Ćwiczenia korekcyjne [Corrective exercises]. Gdańsk: AWFiS; 2003 [in Polish].
  • Zembaty A. Kinezyterapia [Kinesytherapy]. Kraków Kasper; 2002 [in Polish].
  • Coughlin MJ, Jones CP. Hallux valgus and first ray mobility. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007 Sept;89(9):1887-98.[Crossref][PubMed][WoS]
  • Trnka HJ, Hofstaetter. SG, Hofstaetter JG, Gruber F, Adams SB Jr, Easley ME. Intermediate-term results of the Ludloff osteotomy in one hundred and eleven feet. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2008 March;90A(3):531-539.
  • Takao M, Komatsu F, Oae K, Miyamoto W, Uchio Y, Ochi M, Matsushita T. Proximal oblique-domed osteotomy of the first metatarsal for the treatment of hallux valgus associate with flat foot: effect to the correction of the longitudinal arch of the foot. Arch Ortop Traum Su 2007 Oct.;127(8):685-690.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10131-0016-7
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