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2011 | 3 | 96-100
Tytuł artykułu

Health potential of female candidates to the professional military service

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Study aim: To assess health and social characteristics of female candidates for professional officers and non-commissioned officers of Polish Army.Material and methods: All female students of officer and non-commissioned officer Military Academies (16 each) were studied in 2009. Two questionnaires were applied in the study: IPAQ (short) for assessing the level of physical activity of the respondents and a specially designed questionnaire for assessing social situation, perceived health and pro-health behaviours.Results: The influence of the society on the respondents' decision to join the army is significantly higher among NCOS students than in the group of OS respondents (p<0.05). OS students perceive their health better than their NCOS mates (p<0.05). Among students' pro-health behaviours that were assessed in the research, the most advantageously presented is their physical activity. NCOS students are more resilient mentally (p<0.01), yet their inclination to make use of health service is much lower (p<0.01).Conclusions: The modern educational trends in health promotion call for modifying the existing military school curricula by including health education issues so that the superiors acquire not only commanding skills but become also exemplary health educators.
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
3
Strony
96-100
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-01-01
online
2011-10-29
Twórcy
  • Wielkopolska Higher School of Tourism and Management, Poznań
  • University School of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Biernat E., R. Stupnicki (2005) An overview of internationally applicable questionnaires designed for assessing physical activity. Phys. Edu. Sport, 49:32-42.
  • Craig C. L., A. L. Marshall, M. Sjöström, A. E. Bauman, M. L. Booth, B. E. Ainsworth, M. Pratt, U. Ekelund, A. Yngve, J. F. Sallis, P. Oja (2003) International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 35(8):1381-1395.[WoS][PubMed]
  • Dyrstad S. M., R. Soltvedt, J. Halle (2006) Physical fitness and physical training during Norwegian military service. Mil. Med., 171:736-741.
  • Faff J., P. Satora, K. Stasiak (2002) Changes in the aerobic and anaerobic capacities of army recruits during their military training are related to the initial level of physical fitness of the subjects. Biol. Sport., 19:251-265.
  • Hermon D. A., G. Davis (2004) College student wellness: a comparison between traditional and nontraditional age students. J. Coll. Counsel., 7: 32-39.
  • Kaiser A., M. Sokołowski, (2009). Health and social issues of women in the army. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army, Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 313-322.
  • Kalina R. M., B. J. Barczyński (2009) Permanent health-related training of regular soldiers-conditions and assumptions. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 323-331.
  • Klukowski K., K. Mazurek (2007) Physical performance of women in the light of military service requirements. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Biosocial effects of military service as a basis for further improvement of future physical education and sports programmes. Wyd. AWF Poznań, pp. 67-74.
  • Knapik J. J., M. A. Sharp, S. Darakjy, S. B. Jones, K. G. Hauret, B. H. Jones, (2006) Temporal changes in the physical fitness of US Army recruits. Sports Med., 36(7): 613-634.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • LaFountaine J, M. Neisen, R. Parsons (2006) Wellness factors in first year college students. American J. Health Stud.,21 (4): 214-218.
  • Laudańska-Krzemińska I., A. Kaiser (2009) Lifestyle of regular army applicants - a difficult beginning or a good start? In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 323-331.
  • Lenart D. (2010) Physical activity vs. morpho-functional development of women (english abstract). In: J.Łuczak, S. Bronowicki (eds.) Zdrowotne aspekty aktywności fizycznej Wyd. Wielkopolska Wyższa Szkoła Turystyki i Zarządzania w Poznaniu, Poznań, pp. 245-253.
  • Mierzejewski, R. (2008) Evaluation of the level of the land forces solders' physical activity on the base of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) (english abstract). In: E. Szczepanowska, M. Sokołowski (eds.) Aktywność fizyczna i odżywianie się jako uwarunkowania promocji zdrowia Wyd. Wielkopolska Wyższa Szkoła Turystyki i Zarządzania w Poznaniu, Poznań, pp. 225-232.
  • Popay J., M. Bartley, I. Plewis (1992) Gender Inequalities in Health: Social Position, Affective Disorders and Minor Physical Morbidity. Soc. Sci. Med., 36 (1): 21-32.
  • Rasińska R., M. D. Głowacka, A. Głowacka-Rębała (2011) Educational determinants in shaping soldiers' health attitudes. In: A. Kaiser, A. Tomczak (eds.), Physical activity and health promotion in the military environment. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp.235-246.
  • Sokołowski M. (2004) Type of body build and motor ability of candidates for professional military sevice. Ceska Antropologie, 54:183-184.
  • Sokołowski, M., M. Mrozkowiak, A. Kaiser (2009) International physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) as a tool to assess the potential regular soldiers. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 349-355.
  • Sokołowski M., A. Kaiser, A. Cepulenas (2010) Physical activity of female students of the University School of Physical Education in Poznań on the basis of IPAQ- educational and social perspectives. Ugdymas Kuno Kultura Sportas, 3:90-95.
  • Stupnicki R. (2008) Analysis and Presentation of Questionnaire Data. University of Physical Education Editions, Warsaw.
  • Verbrugge L. M. (1985) Gender and Health: An update on hypotheses and evidence. J. Health Soc. Behav., 26 (3):156-182.[Crossref]
  • Von Bothmer M. I., B. Fridlund (2005) Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students. Nurs. Health. Sci. 7(2):107-18.[Crossref]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10101-011-0021-6
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