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2012 | 35 | 1 | 133-139
Tytuł artykułu

Swimming Speed of The Breaststroke Kick

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The breaststroke kick is responsible for a considerable portion of the forward propulsion in breaststroke swimming. The aim of this study was to measure selected anthropometric variables and functional properties of a swimmer’s body: length of body parts; functional range of motion in the leg joints and anaerobic power of the lower limbs. Chosen kinematic variables useful in the evaluation of swimming performance in the breaststroke kick were evaluated. In the present research, swimming speed using breaststroke kicks depended to the largest extent on anaerobic endurance (0.46, p < 0.05 partial correlations with age control). In addition, knee external rotation and swimming technique index had an impact on swimming speed and kick length (both partial correlations with age control 0.35, p < 0.08). A kinematic analysis of the breaststroke kick hip displacement compatible with horizontal body displacement was significantly negatively correlated with foot slip in the water opposite to body displacement (partial correlations: with leg length control -0.43, p < 0.05; with shank length control -0.45, p < 0.05, respectively). Present research and measurements of selected body properties, physical endurance and kinematic movement analysis may help in making a precise determination of an athlete’s talent for breaststroke swimming.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
35
Numer
1
Strony
133-139
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2012-12-01
online
2013-01-26
Twórcy
  • Department of Theory and Methodology of Water Sports, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland., marek.strzala@awf.krakow.pl
  • Department of Physiotherapy Faculty of Motor Rehabilitation University School of Physical Education, Cracow,Poland
autor
  • Department of Theory and Methodology of Water Sports, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland.
  • Department of Physiotherapy Faculty of Motor Rehabilitation University School of Physical Education, Cracow,Poland
  • Department of Theory and Methodology of Water Sports, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland.
  • Department of Sports Theory, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland.
  • Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland.
Bibliografia
  • Bixler BS. Resistance and propulsion. In Stager JM and Tanner DA. (eds.): Swimming. Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science. Blackwell Science Ltd. Massachusetts. 2005; 96
  • Falk B, Lidor R, Lander Y, Lang B. Talent identification and early development of elite water-polo players: a 2-year follow-up study. J Sport Sci, 2004; 22, 347-355[Crossref]
  • Gerard ES, Caiozzo VJ, Rubin BD, Prietto CA, Davidson DM. Skeletal muscle profiles among elite long, middle, and short distance swimmers. Am J Sports Med, 1986; 14: 77-82[Crossref]
  • Jagomägi G, Jürimäe T. The influence of anthropometrical and flexibility parameters on the results of breaststroke swimming. Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 2005; 2: 213-219
  • Kippenhan BC. Influence of lower extremity joint motions of the effectiveness of the kick in breaststroke swimming. In J.R. Blackwell & R.H. Sanders (eds.), Proceedings of swim sessions: XIX International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports 2001; 48-52. San Francisco, CA: University of San Francisco Kippenhan CB. Lower-extremity joint angles used during the breaststroke whip kick and the influence of flexibility on the effectiveness of the kick. ISBS - Conference Proceedings Archive, XX International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, ISSN 1999-4168. International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, University of Konstanz 2002; 31-34
  • Leblanc H, Seifert L, Chollet D. Arm-leg coordination in recreational and competitive breaststroke swimmers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2009; 12: 352-356[WoS][Crossref]
  • Maglisho EW. Swimming fastest. Human Kinetics. Leeds. 2003; 229
  • Mason BR, Patton SG, Newton AP. Propulsion in breaststroke swimming. In W.E. Morrison (eds.), Proceedings of the VII International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sport, 1989; 257-267. Melbourne, Australia: Footscray Institute of Technology
  • Matheson E, Hwang Y, Romack J, Whiting W, Vrongistions K. A kinematic analysis of the breaststroke kick. Portuguese Journal of Sport Sciences, 2011; 11: Suppl. 2
  • Platanou T. On-water and dryland vertical jump in water polo players. J Sports Med Phys Fit, 2005; 45: 26-31
  • Schleihauf R. Kinematic Analysis Software (Version 5.91) Biomechanics Software: San Francisco State University 2006
  • Vorontsov AR., Rumyantsev VA. Resistive forces in swimming. In: Zatsiorsky V. (eds.): The Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine. Blackwell Science Ltd. London. 2000; 224
  • Yeater RA, Martin RB, White MK, Gilson KH. Tethered swimming forces in the crawl, breast and back strokes and their relationship to competitive performance. Journal of Biomechanics, 1980; 14: 527-537
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10078-012-0087-4
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