PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 32 | 221-229
Tytuł artykułu

Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry to Measure the Effects of a Thirteen-Week Moderate to Vigorous Aquatic Exercise and Nutritional Education Intervention on Percent Body Fat in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities from Group Home Settings

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
People with intellectual disability are more likely to be obese and extremely obese than people without intellectual disability with rates remaining elevated among adults, women and individuals living in community settings. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measured the effects of a 13-week aquatic exercise and nutrition intervention on percent body fat in eight adults with intellectual disabilities (aged 41.0 ± 13.7 yrs) of varying fat levels (15%-39%) from two group homes. A moderate to vigorous aquatic exercise program lasted for the duration of 13 weeks with three, one-hour sessions held at a 25m pool each week. Nutritional assistants educated participants as to the importance of food choice and portion size. A two-tailed Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test determined the impact of the combined intervention on body fat percentage and BMI at pre and post test. Median body fat percentage (0.8 %) and BMI (0.3 kg/m2) decreased following the exercise intervention, but neither were statistically significant, p = .11 and p = .55, respectively. The combined intervention was ineffective at reducing percent body fat in adults with intellectual disability according to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. These results are in agreement with findings from exercise alone interventions and suggest that more stringent nutritional guidelines are needed for this population and especially for individuals living in group home settings. The study did show that adults with intellectual disability may participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity when given the opportunity.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
32
Strony
221-229
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2012-05-01
online
2012-05-30
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Human Kinetics, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada
autor
  • Department of Human Kinetics, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Department of Human Kinetics, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Department of Human Kinetics, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada
Bibliografia
  • Altman DG. Ed. Practical statistics for medical research. London, England: Chapman and Hall, 1991 p203-205
  • Avesani CM, Draibe SA, Kamimura MA, Cendoroglo M, Pedrosa A, Castro ML. Assessment of body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold thickness and creatinine kinetics in chronic kidney disease patients. Nephry Dial Transplant, 2004; 19(9): 2289-2295.[PubMed]
  • Bertoli S, Battezzati A, Merati G, Margonato V, Maggioni M, Testolin G, Veicsteinas A. Nutritional status and dietary patterns in disabled people. Nutr Metab Cardio Dis, 2006; 16: 100.-112.[Crossref]
  • Croce RV. Effects of Exercise and Diet on Body Composition and Cardiovascular Fitness in Adults with Severe Mental Retardation. Educ Train Ment Retard, 1990; 25: 176-187.
  • Casey AF, Rasmussen R, MacKenzie S, Glenn J. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure the influence of a sixteen-week community-based swim training program on body fat in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehab, 2010; 91(7): 1064-1069.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Draheim CC, Williams DP, McCubbin JA. Prevalence of physical inactivity and recommended physical activity in community-based adults with mental retardation. Mental Retard, 2002; 40: 436-444.[PubMed]
  • Fernhall B, Pitetti K. Limitations to physical work capacity in individuals with mental retardation. Clin Exerc Physio, 2001; 3: 176-185.
  • Gately PJ, Cooke CB, Butterly RJ, Knight C, Carroll S. The Acute Effects of an 8-Week Diet, Exercise, and Educational Camp Program on Obese Children. Ped Exerc Sci. 2000; 12(4): 413-423.
  • Havercamp SM, Scandlin D, Roth M. Health disparities among adults with developmental disabilities, adults with other disabilities, and adults not reporting disability in North Carolina. Public Health Reports, 2004; 119: 418-426.[Crossref]
  • Hornsby WG, Briggs P. Aquatic therapy/exercise in management and prevention of diabetes mellitus. Aqua Ther J, 2007; 9(1): 9-13.
  • Humphries K, Traci MA, Seekins T. A preliminary assessment of the nutrition food-system environment of adults with intellectual disabilities living in supported arrangements in the community. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. Ecol Food Nut,. 2004; 43: 517-532.[Crossref]
  • Humphries K, Traci MA, Seekins T. Nutrition and Adults with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities: Systematic Literature Review Results. Intell Dev Disabil, 2009; 47(3): 163-185.[Crossref]
  • Jackson SL. Research methods and statistics: A critical thinking approach. 3rd Ed Cengage Learning, Belmont, California, 2008, p 242-245.
  • Krahn GL, Hammond L, Turner A. A cascade of disparities: Health and health care access for people with intellectual disabilities. Ment Retard Devel Disabil, 2006; 12(1): 70-82[Crossref]
  • Lazzer S, Bedogni G, Agosti, F, De Col A, Mornati D, Sartorio A. (2008). Comparison of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, air displacement plethysmography and bioelectrical impedance analysis for the assessment of body composition in severely obese Caucasian children and adolescents. Br J Nutr. 2008; 100: 918-924.[PubMed][WoS]
  • Macedonio M. Nutritional management of the obese individual. In J. Storlid and H. A. Jordan (Eds). Nutrition and exercise in obesity management. Spectrum publications: New York; 1984.
  • Medlen JG. The Down syndrome Nutrition Handbook: A Guide to Promoting Healthy Lifestyles. Phronesis Publishing: Portland, OR; 2002.
  • Ordoñez RJ, Rosety M, Rosety-Rodriquez M. Influence of 12-week exercise training on fat mass percentage in adolescents with Down syndrome. Med Sci Monit, 2006; 12(10): 416-419.
  • Pitetti KH, Tan DM. Effects of a minimally supervised exercise program for mentally retarded adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1991;23(5):594-601.[PubMed]
  • Pommering TL, Brose JA, Randolph E, Murray TF, Purdy RW Cadamagnani PE. Effects of an aerobic exercise program on community-based adults with mental retardation. Ment Retard, 1994; 32(3): 218-226.[PubMed]
  • Prior BM, Cureton KJ, Modlesky CM, Evans EM, Sloniger MA, Saunders M. In vivo validation of whole body composition estimates from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. J Appl Physiol. 1997 83(2): 623-630.[PubMed]
  • Prouty RW, Lakin KC. Residential services for persons with developmental disabilities: Status and trends through 2005. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Research and Training Center on Community Living.
  • Ozmen T, Yidirim NU, Yuktasir B, Beets MW. Effects of school-based cardiovascular-fitness training in children with mental retardation. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2007; 19: 171-178.[PubMed]
  • Rimmer JH, Chen MD, McCubbin JA, Drum C, Peterson J. Exercise intervention research on persons with disabilities: what we know and where we need to go. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 2010; 89:249-63.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Rimmer JH, Yamaki K. Obesity and intellectual disability. Ment Retard Devel Disabil, 2006; 12: 22-27.[Crossref]
  • Ross R, Janssen I. Physical activity, total and regional obesity: Dose-response considerations. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2001; 33(6); S521-S527.[Crossref]
  • Starr JM, Mardsen L. Characterisation of user-defined health status in older adults with intellectual disabilities. J Intell Disabil Res, 2008; 52(6): 483-489.[Crossref]
  • Tanaka, K, Monahan, K. D., and Seals, D. R. (2001). Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 37(1), 153-156.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Tepas III JJ, Sharmab R, Leapharta CL, Celsoc BG, Piepera P, Esquivia-Leea V. Timing of surgical intervention in necrotizing enterocolitis can be determined by trajectory of metabolic derangement. J Ped Surg, 2010; 45: 310-314.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10078-012-0038-0
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.