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2011 | 27 | 180-189
Tytuł artykułu

Competitive Anxiety and Coping Strategies in Young Martial Arts and Track and Field Athletes

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study is an examination of the relationship between competitive anxiety and coping strategies in young athletes. Sixty karatekas and 72 track and field athletes were the subjects of the study. The age of the athletes ranged between 18 and 25 years. All had been practicing their sports for 6-8 years. The research instruments employed are the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS).Results show that martial arts athletes reported a significantly higher level of self-confidence and lower levels of cognitive and somatic anxiety compared to track and field athletes. The two groups also differed in regard to the use of coping strategies in stressful situations. For example, the karate athletes used more effective strategies such as task-oriented coping. In the next step of the study, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the level of performance (i.e. "winners" and "losers"). The "losers exhibited higher levels of anxiety, both cognitive and somatic, than "winners". They also had higher scores on less effective coping subscales, e.g. emotion-oriented and avoidance-oriented.There is a significant interdependence between anxiety and level of performance in competitive stress situations. Future research should also consider the possible mediating role of other psychological factors, such as personality traits.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
27
Strony
180-189
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-03-01
online
2011-04-06
Twórcy
  • Department of Psychology, University of Rzeszow
  • Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszow
autor
  • Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszow
  • Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszow
Bibliografia
  • Cosway, R., Endler, N. S., Sadler, A. J., & Deary, I. J. (2000). The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations: Factorial structure and associations with personality traits and psychological health. Journal of Applied Behavior Research; 5,121-43.
  • Endler, N. S., & Parker, D. A. (1999). Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS): Manual (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi Health Systems.
  • Hardy, L. (1997). The Coleman Roberts Griffith Address: Three myths about applied consultancy work. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 9, 277-294.[Crossref]
  • Jones, G. (1991). Recent development and current issues in competitive state anxiety research. The Psychologist, 4, 152-155.
  • Jones, G. (1995). More than just a game: Research development and issues in competitive anxiety in sport. British Journal of Psychology, 86, 449-478.[Crossref]
  • Jones, G., & Hanton, S. (1996). Interpretation of competitive anxiety symptoms and goal attainment expectations. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 18, 144-157.
  • Krane, V., & Williams, J. N. (1987). Performance and somatic anxiety, and confidence changes prior to competition. Journal of Sport Behavior, 10, 47-56.
  • Krane, V., & Williams, J. N. (1994). Cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and confidence in track and field athletes: the impact of gender, competitive level and characteristics. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 25, 203-217.
  • Martens, R., Vealey, R. S., & Burton, D. (1990). Competitive anxiety in sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publ.
  • Morales-Negron, H. (2008). Self-Efficacy and State Anxiety during Mandatory Combatives Training. Archives of Budo, 2008; 4: 26-31.
  • Mytskan, B., Kurylyuk, S., & Fotujma, O. (2006). Psychic qualities and their role in the system of psychological training of judoists. Ido-Ruch dla Kultury/Movement for Culture, 6, 123-130.
  • Pfohl, W. (1980). Children's anxiety management programs: A broad based behavioral program teaching children to cope with stress and anxiety. Dissertation Abstracts International, 41, 3424-A.
  • Swain, A., & Jones, G. (1996). Explaining performance variance: The relative contribution of intensity and direction dimensions of competitive state anxiety. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 9, 1-18.
  • Wrześniewski, K. (2000). Styles and strategies for coping with stress. Problems of assessment. In: I. Heszen-Niejodek, & Z. Ratajczak (Eds.). Man in the situation of stress. Theoretical and methodological problems] (pp. 44-64). University of Silesia Press, Katowice.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10078-011-0014-0
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