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Czasopismo
2012 | 13 | 3 | 264-270
Tytuł artykułu

Self-efficacy, self-esteem and body image as psychological determinants of 15-year-old adolescents’ physical activity levels

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The aim of the study was to analyze which psychological factors can determine the physical activity levels of 15-yearold adolescents. The psychological factors examined were self-efficacy, physical self-esteem (body weight and body appearance) and body image. A multifactorial perspective based on a socioecological approach as well as Bandura’s social learning theory was used to clarify the relationships between the determinants and physical activity levels. Methods. The study participants were 2277 15-year-old adolescents (1086 boys and 1191 girls). Selected questions and scales from HBS C’s international standard questionnaire were used, including the Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity index, the self perception of body weight and body appearance question, the General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Body Image Subscale. Results. It was found that over half of the Polish 15-year-old population featured an insufficient level of physical activity. Self-efficacy, body image and physical self-esteem of both body mass and body image were significant predictors of physical activity. The role of these predictors was found to be differentiated by gender. Conclusions. The physical activity levels of 15-year-old adolescents can be predicted by use of psychological variables.
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
3
Strony
264-270
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2012-10-01
otrzymano
zaakceptowano
online
2012-11-01
Twórcy
  • Wydział Wychowania Fizycznego Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego Józefa Piłsudskiego ul. Marymoncka 34 00-968 Warszawa, Poland , hanna.kololo@gmail.com
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • The Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw, Poland
  • The Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Biddle S.J.H., Mutrie N., Psychology of physical activity. Routledge, London-New York 2008.
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  • 16. Rodgers W., Gauvin L., Heterogeneity of incentives for physical activity and self-efficacy in highly active and moderately active women exercisers. J Appl Soc Psychol, 1998, 28 (11), 1016-1029, doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1998. tb01665.x.[Crossref]
  • 17. Rodgers W., Sullivan M., Task, coping and scheduling self-efficacy in relation to frequency of physical activity. J Appl Soc Psychol, 2001, 31 (4), 741-753, doi: 10.1111/ j.1559-1816.2001.tb01411.x.[Crossref]
  • 18. Chase M., Children’s self-efficacy, motivational intentions and attributions in physical education and sport. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2001, 72 (1), 47-54.[Crossref]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-012-0031-4
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