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Czasopismo
2012 | 13 | 3 | 204-210
Tytuł artykułu

Treadmill gait analysis of rehabilitated and independent lower-limb amputees

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. A description of gait analysis during overground locmotion has been the subject of various studies, in relation to describing both the kinetic and spatial-temporal characteristics of walking. Measuring the gait of amputees using treadmills is a useful test to quantify locomotive ability, and a tool that helps to control gait parameters during rehabilitation. The aim of this study is to describe the kinetic and spatial-temporal characteristics of gait of rehabilitated amputees, measured with an instrumented treadmill. Methods. Twenty-four participants aged between 20 and 40 years were chosen, who had all suffered unilateral traumatic amputation either above or below the knee, and were classified as well-rehabilitated. Following a paperbased assessment form, the participants were subjected to gait analysis on an instrumented treadmill fitted with two force platforms. Results. The first peak vertical force of intact and amputated limbs presented higher values and was significantly (p 0.05) larger than the second peak vertical force for the amputated limb, indicating less propulsion during walking. A significant difference was observed in the load rate in intact and amputated limbs, indicating more overload in the intact limb. The spatial-temporal variables, cadence, step and stride length were significantly greater (p 0.05) in the below-knee than in the above-knee amputees. Conclusions. The kinetic and spatial-temporal characteristics of gait, measured with an instrumented treadmill, which were observed in all lower limb amputees involved in this study, were similar to the ones commonly reported in numerous studies on overground walking. Thus, treadmill gait training and control of the progress of rehabilitation with amputees is recommended.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
3
Strony
204-210
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2012-10-01
otrzymano
zaakceptowano
online
2012-11-01
Twórcy
  • Biomechanics Laboratory Science Center for Health and Sport State University of Santa Catarina Paschoal Simone, 358 Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil CEP: 88080-350, soraiaudesc@hotmail.com
  • State University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • State University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • sState University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Bibliografia
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  • 6. Riley P.O., Paolini G., Della Croce U., Paylo K.W., Kerrigan D.C., A kinematic and kinetic comparison of overground and treadmill walking in healthy subjects. Gait Posture, 2007, 26 (1), 17-24, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost. 2006.07.003.[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • 7. Starholm I.M., Gjovaag T., Mengshoel A.M., Energy expenditure of transfemoral amputees walking on a horizontal and tilted treadmill simulating different outdoor walking conditions. Prosthet Orthot Int, 2010, 34 (2), 184-194, doi: 10.3109/03093640903585016.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
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  • 18. Silverman A.K., Fey N.P., Portillo A., Walden J.G., Bosker G., Neptune R.R., Compensatory mechanisms in below-knee amputee gait in response to increasing steadystate walking speeds. Gait Posture, 2008, 28 (4), 602-609, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.04.005.[Crossref][WoS]
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  • 32. Fey N.P., Silverman A.K., Neptune R.R., The influence of increasing steady-state walking speed on muscle activity in below-knee amputees. J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 2010,[PubMed][WoS]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-012-0023-4
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