Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 12 | 4 | 378-384
Tytuł artykułu

The Freedom of the Body in the Semiotics and Philosophy of Sport

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Purpose. The aim of this paper is to define the meaning of sports world records, which to attain require long years of strenuous training, within the sphere of humanistic and cultural values. The differences between newly placed records and previous scores are usually centimetres or hundredths of a second, which hardly contribute to the spectacularity of a competition. Is therefore setting a record more meaningful as a cultural, not a sports, goal? Methods. A semiotic-pragmatic method was used in this research. The method was founded on C.S. Peirce's semeiotics, which is a sign theory based on the triadic, relational concept of signs. Every sporting event, every individual achievement of an athlete is a sign, which acquires meaning due to its interpretation and being part of the so-called process of semiosis. Results. The popularity and cultural meaning of particular sports does not result from the immanent features of a sporting competition, such as its aesthetic merits or the dynamics of the game. The differences in times of the best runners in a prestigious 100 metre race are unperceivable to the human eye. The attraction stems from cultural factors, which are meaningful in the sphere of values of a given culture. One of such values in which sport relates to it is freedom. Conclusions. Striving for records, even at the cost of one's health, has (for the sports described in the article as contesting) a motivation in the cultural (philosophical) meaning of overcoming the limits of the human body's physical abilities. Every record set means that those limits have not yet been reached and therefore are still unknown. This spiritual freedom is accompanied by the equally vital, as confirmed by records, sense of physical unlimitedness.
Słowa kluczowe

Opis fizyczny
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Honderich T. (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Vol. 2 [in Polish]. Zysk i S-ka, Poznań 1999.[WoS]
  • Peirce C. S., Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Vol. 1-6 (ed.) Hartshorne C., Weiss P., vol. 7-8. Burks A., Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1931-1935, 1958.
  • Peirce C. S., Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition. Vol. 1-6, 8 (up to date). Indiana University Press, Bloomington 1982-2000, 2009.
  • Buczyńska-Garewicz H., Peirce's Semiotics [in Polish]. Polskie Towarzystwo Semiotyczne, Warszawa 1994.
  • Liszka J. J., A General Introduction to the Semeiotic of Charles Sanders Peirce, Indiana University Press, Bloomington & Indianapolis 1996.
  • Michaluk T., Selected aspects of the semiotics of a sporting event. Phys Cult Sport Stud Res, 2007, 45, 148-154.
  • Saussure F., Course in General Linguistics [in Polish]. PWN, Warszawa 1961.
  • Blackburn S., The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy [in Polish]. Książka i Wiedza, Warszawa 1997, 365.
  • Barthes R., Mythologies [in Polish]. Aletheia, Warszawa 2008, 31-42, 145-156.
  • Peirce C. S., The neglected Argument and other letters from 1907-1913 years [in Polish]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Papieskiej Akademii Teologicznej, Kraków 2005, 26.
  • Michaluk T., Sport as a performance and contestation of reality [in Polish]. In: Kosiewicz J., Bany P., Piątkowska M., Żyśko J. (eds.), Social Sciences Towards Contemporary Sport [in Polish]. BK, Warszawa 2010, 68-74.
  • Michaluk T., Truth in sport. Phys Cult Sport Stud Res, 2008/2009, 46, 50-57.
  • Kosiewicz J., Biological and Social Context of Physical Culture and Sport. In: Kosiewicz J., Piątkowska M., Żyśko J. (eds.), Social Sciences Towards Contemporary Sport. BK, Warsaw 2009.
  • Kowalczyk S., The Elements of Philosophy and Theology of Sport [in Polish]. KUL, Lublin 2010.
  • Lipiec J., Farewell to Olympia [in Polish]. Fall, Kraków 2007.
  • Huizinga J., Homo ludens [in Polish]. Aletheia, Warszawa 2007.
  • Caillois R., Man, Play and Games [in Polish]. Volumen, Warszawa 1997.
  • Austin J. L., How to Do Things with Words. In: Austin J. L., Speaking and understanding: philosophical discourses and lectures [in Polish]. PWN, Warszawa 1993, 550-560.
  • Kosiewicz, J., Sport and Philosophy. From Methodology to Ethics. BK, Warszawa 2009.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.