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2011 | 12 | 2 | 188-195
Tytuł artykułu

Professional Burnout in Female and Male Physical Education Teachers - A Four-Phase Typological Model

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The best-known concept of professional burnout is the Maslach tri-dimensional model. According to the author, a burnout process starts by increased emotional exhaustion, followed by reduced personal accomplishment and, ultimately, depersonalization. Progressing with time, the syndrome is manifested differently in various individuals. Recognizing the tri-dimensionality of the phenomenon, Golembiewski suggests a reverse direction of symptom occurrence and proposes an eight-phase model of the phenomenon intensification. The two different approaches to the dynamics of the burnout process have been called facing theories. The problem of facing theories has been solved by developing a concept based on data clustering, in consequence, arriving at a typological model where the four-phase model of professional burnout represents a special variant. The premises of the general model are as follows: tri-dimensionality of the syndrome, temporal continuity of the process, macro-path specific for a given profession (a cluster of individual paths), the effect of external factors. Basic procedures. The study was carried out between May 2006 and June 2007. The number of PE teachers was N = 1563: females N = 686 (43.9%); males N = 877 (56.1%). The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was employed. Statistical methods: data clustering (K-mean method), U Mann Whitney test. Main findings. With the use of the four-phase model, two macro paths illustrating the dynamics of burnout in female and male PE teachers were plotted. The different courses of burnout paths were determined by a significantly higher depersonalization level in men (p < 0.001). Conclusions. Initially (phase T1), females and males reacted to professional stress with emotional exhaustion (the Maslach's path) or reduced personal accomplishment - in both genders, in phase T1, the path bifurcated. At a high emotional exhaustion level, women began to depersonalize their pupils (phase T2) and get burned out (phase T3; N = 98, 14.3%). The second macro-path of female teachers terminated in phase T2. One macro-path of male teachers was identical with the macro-path characteristic of females (T0-T3), while the other illustrated burnout in young male teachers - with reduced personal accomplishment at school (T1), cynicism increased (T2) and the effect was burnout (T3, N = 99; 11.3%).
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
12
Numer
2
Strony
188-195
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-06-01
online
2011-06-21
Twórcy
  • Department of Theory and Methodology in Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Hodge G., Jupp J.J., Taylor A.J., Work stress, distress and burnout in music and mathematics teachers. Br J Educ Psychol, 1994, 64 (1), 65-76, doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8279.1994.tb01085.x.[Crossref]
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  • Brudnik M., Professional burnout of female and male Physical Education teachers: a four-phase typological model. In: Books of Abstracts, 13th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 9-12 July 2008, Estoril - Portugal. 2008, 622.
  • Markelj N., The burnout syndrome in Slovenian PE teachers. In: Books of Abstracts, 13th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 9-12 July 2008, Estoril - Portugal. 2008, 135.
  • Ogul A., Tinazci C., Burnout and job satisfaction levels of Physical Education teachers: a gender differences approach. In: Books of Abstracts, 13th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 9-12 July 2008, Estoril - Portugal. 2008, 136.
  • Li Guo-Hong, Wang Li-Nan, Development of Job-Burnout Inventory for P.E. Teachers in Universities. Journal of Beijing Sport University, 2008, 2, 251-252, EBSCOhost, viewed 15 October 2009, doi: CNKI:SUN:BJTD.0.2008-02-035.
  • Otero López J.M., Santiago M.J., Godás A., Castro C., Villardefrancos E., Ponte D., An Integrative Approach to Burnout in Secondary School Teachers: Examining the role of student Disruptive Behaviour and Disciplinary Issues. Intern J Psych Psychol Ther, 2008, 8 (2), 259-270.
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  • Brudnik M., Perception of self-efficacy and professional burnout in general education teachers. Hum Mov, 2009, 2, 170-175. doi:10.2478/v10038-009-0013-3.[Crossref]
  • Pec K., From research on burnout in physical education teachers [in Polish]. Wych Fiz Zdrow, 2005, 6-7, 28-33.
  • Pec K., From research on physical education teachers burnout. In: Books of Abstracts 12th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 11-14.VII. 2007, Jyväskylä - Finland, 2007 (abstract; electronic version).
  • Mays Woods A., Lynn S.K., Through the years: a longitudinal study of physical education teachers from a research-based preparation program. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2001, 72, 219-231.[Crossref]
  • Miethling W.D., Biographical developments of Physical Education Teachers - focussing on stress situations. Int J Phys Educ, A Review Publication, 2007, 44, 12-23.
  • Maslach C., Jackson S.E., The Maslach Burnout Inventory. 2nd ed. Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto 1986.
  • Noworol C., Marek T., Typology of burnout: Methodology modelling of the syndrome. Pol Psychol Bull, 1994, 24, 319-326.
  • Noworol C., Emotional burnout in top staff in organizations [in Polish]. Prometeusz. Kwartalnik Naukowy Wyższej Szkoły Społeczno-Ekonomicznej w Warszawie, 2004, 3, 27-34.
  • Maslach C., Jackson S.E., Burnout in organizational settings. Appl Soc Psychol Ann, 1984, 5, 133-154.
  • Golembiewski R.T., Mauzenrider R.F., Phases of Burnout: Developments in Concepts and Applications. Praeger Publishers, New York 1988.
  • Noworol C., Managing a burnout or burning out management [in Polish]. In: Borkowski T., Marcinkowski A., Oherow-Urbaniec A. (eds.) On Management, a Multidisciplinary Approch. Księgarnia Akademicka, Kraków 2000, 47-62.
  • Kosiba G., Job satisfaction of physical education teachers vs. teachers of other subject [in Polish]. Wych Fiz Zdrow, 2009, 10, 19-28.
  • Lee A., Kang H., Kim S., Occupational Stress and Burnout Among Korean Secondary Physical Education Teachers: Causes and Consequences. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2006, Suppl., 62.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-011-0018-6
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