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Czasopismo
2011 | 12 | 2 | 180-187
Tytuł artykułu

Growth and Functional Characteristics of Male Athletes 11-15 Years of Age

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. To evaluate the growth and functional characteristics of male athletes 11-15 years of age. Basic procedures. The sample included 190 boys, 10.5-15.4 years, undergoing training of sport schools for track and field (136) and other sports (54). Height, weight, three skinfolds and % Fat (NIR) were measured. Grip strength, standing long jump, 2 kg medicine ball throw and 20 m sprint were tested. Track and field athletes were compared by discipline and to athletes in other sports using MANCOVA (multivariate analysis of covariance). Multiple linear regression analysis was used to estimate the relative contributions of age, body size and adiposity to the four functional indicators in two age groups, those 11-13 years and 14-15 years. Main findings. All variables except the standing long jump and 20 m sprint differed significantly by track and field discipline. Only height and ball throw differed among athletes in other sports. Track and field athletes had a significantly lower BMI and % Fat and performed better in the jump and sprint than athletes in other sports. Variance explained in each of the functional indicators was greater in younger than in older athletes. The sum of skinfolds and % Fat exerted a negative influence on all functional indicators. Conclusions. Trends in body size of male athletes attending sport schools were consistent with observations for youth male athletes in several sports. Height, weight and adiposity accounted for significant portions of variation in the four functional indicators in each age group, but the explained variance was higher in younger athletes.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
12
Numer
2
Strony
180-187
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-06-01
online
2011-06-21
Twórcy
  • Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin
  • Department of Physiotherapy in Internal Diseases, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Malina R.M., Physical growth and biological maturation of young athletes. Exerc Sports Sci Rev, 1994, 22, 389-433.
  • Malina R.M., Growth and maturation of young athletes - Is training for sport a factor? In: Chan K.-M., Micheli L.J. (eds.) Sports and Children. Williams and Wilkins Asia-Pacific, Hong Kong 1998, 133-161.
  • Malina R.M., Bouchard C., Bar-Or O., Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity. 2nd Ed., Human Kinetics, Champaign 2004.
  • Jošt B., The hierarchical structure of selected morphological and motoric variables in ski jumping. Hum Mov, 2010, 11 (2), 124-131, doi: 10.2478/v10038-010-0016-0.[Crossref]
  • Karpowicz K., Interrelation of selected factors determining the effectiveness of training in young basketball players. Hum Mov, 2006, 7 (2), 130-146.
  • Malina R.M., Crescita e Maturazione di Bambini ed Adolescenti Praticanti Atletica Leggera/Growth and Maturation of Child and Adolescent Track and Field Athletes [in both Italian and English]. Centro Studi e Ricerche, Federazione Italiana di Atletica Leggera, Rome 2006.
  • Malina R.M., Geithner C.A., Body composition of young athletes. Am J Lifestyle Med, 2011, 5, 262-278, doi: 10.1177/1559827610392493.[Crossref]
  • Malina R.M., Ignasiak Z., Rożek K., Sławińska T., Domaradzki J., Fugiel J., Kochan K., Growth, maturity and functional characteristics of female athletes 11-15 years of age. Hum Mov, 2011, 12 (1), 31-40, doi: 10.2478/v10038-011-0003-0.[Crossref]
  • Przewęda R., Dobosz J., Growth and Physical Fitness of Polish Youths. Jozef Piłsudski Academy of Physical Education, Studies and Monographs 103, Warsaw 2005.
  • Committee of Experts on Sports Research. EUROFIT: Handbook for the EUROFIT Tests of Physical Fitness. Council of Europe, Committee for the Development of Sport, Rome 1988.
  • Malina R.M., Bielicki T., Retrospective longitudinal growth study of boys and girls active in sport. Acta Paediat, 1996, 85, 570-576, doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1996.tb14089.x.[Crossref]
  • Malina R.M., Woynarowska B., Bielicki T., Beunen G., Eweld D., Geithner C.A. et al., Prospective and retrospective longitudinal studies of the growth, maturation, and fitness of Polish youth active in sport. Int J Sports Med, 1997, 18 (suppl. 3), S179-S185, doi: 10.1055/s-2007-972711.[Crossref]
  • Kuczmarski R.J., Ogden C.L., Grummer-Strawn L.M., Flegal K.M., Guo S.S., Wei R. et al., CDC growth charts: United States. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics, no 314. National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville 2000.
  • Malina R.M., Body composition in athletes: assessment and estimated fatness. Clin Sports Med, 2007, 26, 37-68, doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2006.11.004.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Malina R.M., Bouchard C., Beunen G., Human growth: selected aspects of current research on well nourished children. Ann Rev Anthropol, 1988, 17, 187-219.
  • Malina R.M., Growth and maturation: Normal variation and the effects of training. In: Gisolfi C.V., Lamb D.R. (eds.) Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Vol. II, Youth, Exercise, and Sport. Benchmark Press, Indianapolis 1989, 223-265.
  • Heyward V.H., Wagner D.R., Applied Body Composition Assessment. 2nd Ed. Human Kinetics, Champaign 2004.
  • Malina R.M., Eisenmann J.C., Cumming S.P., Ribeiro B., Aroso J., Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13-15 years. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004, 91, 555-562, doi: 10.1007/s00421-003-0995-z.[Crossref]
  • Figueiredo A.J., Coelho e Silva M.J., Malina R.M., Predictors of functional capacity and skill in youth soccer players. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2011, 21 (3), 446-454, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01056.x[Crossref][PubMed]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-011-0017-7
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