PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2011 | 12 | 2 | 171-179
Tytuł artykułu

A Paradigm for Identifying Ability in Competition: The association Between Anthropometry, Training and Equipment with Race Times in Male Long-Distance Inline Skaters - the ‘Inline One Eleven’

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The association between anthropometric and training characteristics on an athlete's performance has been investigated in swimmers, cyclists and runners, but not in inline skaters. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anthropometry, pre race preparation and equipment in the finishers of the longest inline race in Europe, the ‘Inline One eleven’ over 111 km in Switzerland. Basic procedures. We investigated the association of anthropometry, training, and equipment variables with race times in 84 male ultra-endurance inline skaters using bi- and multivariate analysis. Main findings. In the multivariate analysis, percent body fat, duration per training unit, and personal best time in the ‘Inline One eleven’ was related to the race time for all finishers. Out of the 84 finishers, 58 had already finished an ‘Inline One eleven’ while 26 participated for the first time. Speed in training and the kind of skates worn were related to race times of the 26 inexperienced finishers. The inexperienced finishers skating with custom made skates were significantly faster with 229.1 (12.7) min compared to inexperienced finishers using ordinary skates finishing within 290.8 (35.4) min (p < 0.001). For experienced inliners, body mass, the sum of skin-folds and percent body fat correlated to race time. Conclusions. We assume that inexperienced athletes in ultra-endurance skating need time to gain the experience necessary in choosing the correct equipment and doing the training in order to successfully finish a long-distance inline race. Experienced inliners can only improve race performance in an ultra-endurance inline race such as the ‘Inline One eleven’ through a reduction of their body fat.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
12
Numer
2
Strony
171-179
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-06-01
online
2011-06-21
Twórcy
  • Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
  • Department of General Practice and Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Bibliografia
  • Kenney W.K., Hodgson J.L., Variables predictive of performance in elite middle-distance runners. Br J Sports Med, 1985, 19, 207-209.[Crossref]
  • Hagan R.D., Smith M.G., Gettman L.R., Marathon performance in relation to maximal aerobic power and training indices. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1981, 13, 185-189.[PubMed]
  • Knechtle B., Duff B., Welzel U., Kohler G., Body mass and circumference of upper arm are associated with race performance in ultraendurance runners in a multistage race - the Isarrun 2006. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2009, 80, 262-268.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Swain D.P., The influence of body mass in endurance bicycling. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1994, 26, 58-63.[PubMed]
  • Gregory J., Johns D.P., Walls J.T., Relative vs. absolute physiological measures as predictors of mountain bike cross-country race performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2007, 21, 17-22.[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Impellizzeri F.M., Rampinini E., Sassi A., Mognoni P., Marcora S., Physiological correlates to off-road cycling performance. J Sports Sci, 2005, 23, 41-47.[Crossref]
  • Geladas N.D., Nassis G.P., Pavlicevic S., Somatic and physical traits affecting sprint swimming performance in young swimmers. Int J Sports Med, 2005, 26, 139-144, doi: 10.1055/s-2004-817862.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Siders W.A., Lukaski H.C., Bolonchuk W.W., Relationships among swimming performance, body composition and somatotype in competitive collegiate swimmers. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 1993, 33, 166-171.
  • Zampagni M.L., Casino D., Benelli P., Visani A., Marcacci M., De Vito G., Anthropometric and strength variables to predict freestyle performance times in elite master swimmers. J Strength Cond Res, 2008, 22, 1298-1307, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a597b.[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • Hoffman M.D., Anthropometric characteristics of ultramarathoners. Int J Sports Med, 2008, 29, 808-811, doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1038434.[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • Knechtle B., Knechtle P., Schulze I., Kohler G., Upper arm circumference is associated with race performance in ultra-endurance runners. Br J Sports Med, 2008, 42, 295-299, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2007.038570.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Hagan R.D., Upton S.J., Duncan J.J., Gettman L.R., Marathon performance in relation to maximal aerobic power and training indices in female distance runners. Br J Sports Med, 1987, 21, 3-7.[Crossref]
  • Hoffman M.D., Lebus D.K., Ganong A.C., Casazza G.A., Van Loan M., Body composition of 161-km ultramarathoners. Int J Sport Med, 2010, 31, 106-109, doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1241863.[Crossref]
  • Tuuri G., Loftin M., Oescher J., Association of swim distance and age with body composition in adult female swimmers. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2002, 34, 2110-2114.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Knechtle B., Wirth A., Baumann B., Knechtle P., Rosemann T., Personal best time, percent body fat and training are differently associated with race time for male and female Ironman triathletes. Res Q Exer Sport, 2010, 81, 62-68.[Crossref]
  • Knechtle B., Wirth A., Knechtle P., Baumann B., Rosemann T., Senn O., Differential correlations between anthropometry, training volume and performance in male and female Ironman triathletes. J Strength Cond Res, 2010, 24, 2785-2793, doi: 10. 1519/JSC.0b013e3181c643b6.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Bale P., Bradbury D., Colley E., Anthropometric and training variables related to 10km running performance. Br J Sports Med, 1986, 20, 170-173.[Crossref]
  • Yeung S.S., Yeung E.W., Wong T.W., Marathon finishers and non-finishers characteristics. A preamble to success. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2001, 41, 170-176.
  • Scrimgeour A.G., Noakes T.D., Adams B., Myburgh K., The influence of weekly training distance on fractional utilization of maximum aerobic capacity in marathon and ultramarathon runners. Eur J Appl Physiol, 1985, 55, 202-209, doi: 10.1007/BF00715006.[Crossref]
  • Hewson D.J., Hopkins W.G., Specificity of training and its relation to the performance of distance runners. Int J Sports Med, 1996, 17, 199-204, doi: 10.1055/s-2007-972832.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Billat V.L., Demarle A., Slawinski J., Paiva M., Koralsztein J.P., Physical and training characteristics of top-class marathon runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2001, 33, 2089-2097.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Scott B.K., Houmard J.A., Peak running velocity is highly related to distance running performance. Int J Sports Med, 1994, 15, 504-507, doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1021095.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Knechtle B., Baumann B., Knechtle P., Rosemann T., What influences race performance in male open-water ultra-endurance swimmers: Anthropometry or training? Hum Mov, 2010, 11 (1), 5-10, doi: 10.2478/v10038-009-0021-3.[Crossref]
  • Gulbin J.P., Gaffney P.T., Ultraendurance triathlon participation: typical race preparation of lower level triathletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 1999, 39, 12-15.
  • Knechtle B., Wirth A., Knechtle P., Zimmermann K., Kohler G., Personal best marathon performance is associated with performance in a 24-h run and not anthropometry or training volume. Br J Sports Med, 2009, 43, 836-839, doi:10.1136/bjsm.2007.045716.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Knechtle B., Wirth A., Knechtle P., Rosemann T., Training volume and personal best time in marathon, not anthropometric parameters, are associated with performance in male 100-km ultrarunners. J Strength Cond Res, 2010, 24, 604-609, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c7b406.[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Knechtle B., Knechtle P., Rosemann T., Race performance in male mountain ultra-marathoners: anthropometry or training? Percept Mot Skills, 2010, 110, 721-735.[WoS]
  • Becque M.D., Katch V.L., Moffatt R.J., Time course of skin-plus-fat compression in males and females. Hum Biol, 1986, 58, 33-42.[PubMed]
  • Knechtle B., Joleska I., Wirth A., Knechtle P., Rosemann T., Senn O., Intra- and inter-judge reliabilities in measuring the skinfold thicknesses of ultra runners under field conditions. Percept Mot Skills, 2010, 111, 105-106, doi: 10.2466/03.05.PMS.111.4.105-106.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Ball S.D., Altena T.S., Swan P.D., Comparison of anthropometry to DXA: a new prediction equation for men. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2004, 58, 1525-1531, doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602003.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Gatsonis C., Sampson A.R., Multiple correlation: exact power and sample size calculations. Psychol Bull, 1989, 106, 516-524, doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.106.3.516.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • McLean B.D., Parker A.W., An anthropometric analysis of elite Australian track cyclists. J Sports Sci, 1989, 7, 247-255.[Crossref]
  • Arrese A.L., Ostáriz E.S., Skinfold thicknesses associated with distance running performance in highly trained runners. J Sports Sci, 2006, 24, 69-76, doi: 10.1080/02640410500127751.[Crossref]
  • Knechtle B., Knechtle P., Rosemann T., No association of skin-fold thickness and race performance in male ultra-endurance cyclists in a 600 km ultra-cycling marathon. Hum Mov, 2009, 10, 91-95.
  • Knechtle B., Knechtle P., Rosemann T., Skin-fold thickness and training volume in ultra-triathletes. Int J Sport Med, 2009, 30, 343-347, doi: 10.1055/s-0028-1104571.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Knechtle B., Rosemann T., No correlation of skin-fold thickness and race performance in male mountain bike ultra-marathoners. Med Sport, 2009, 13, 146-150, doi: 10.2478/v10036-009-0023-4.[Crossref]
  • McKelvie S.J., Valliant P.M., Asu M.E., Physical training and personality factors as predictors of marathon time and training injury. Percept Mot Skills, 1985, 60, 551-566.[Crossref]
  • Stefanyshyn D., Fusco C., Increased shoe bending stiffness increases sprint performance. Sports Biomech, 2004, 3, 55-66.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Robbins S., Waked E., Gouw G.J., McClaran J., Athletic footwear affects balance in men. Br J Sports Med, 1994, 28, 117-122.[Crossref]
  • Stefanyshyn D.J., Nigg B.M., Energy aspects associated with sport shoes. Sportverletz Sportschaden, 2000, 14, 82-89, doi:10.1055/s-2000-7867.[Crossref][PubMed]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-011-0016-8
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.