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2011 | 12 | 1 | 31-40
Tytuł artykułu

Growth, Maturity and Functional Characteristics of Female Athletes 11 - 15 Years of Age

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Objective. To evaluate the growth, maturity and functional characteristics of female sport school participants 11 - 15 years of age. Material and methods. The sample included 200 girls aged from 10.55 to 15.42 years. The majority (173) trained in track and field. Height, weight, three skinfolds and % Fat (NIR) were measured. Grip strength, standing long jump, 2 kg medicine ball throw and 20 m sprint were tested. Athletes were compared by menarcheal status and track and field discipline with MANCOVA. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to estimate the relative contributions of age, height, weight and adiposity to the four functional indicators in two age groups, 11 - 13 years and 14 - 15 years. Results. Median age at menarche was 12.99 ± 1.11 years. None of the functional tests differed between pre- and post-menarcheal athletes 13 years, while only grip strength differed between late and early maturing athletes 14 - 15 years. Height, weight and % Fat, but no performance items differed among track and field athletes by discipline. Team and individual sport athletes were heavier, fatter and stronger than track and field athletes but the latter performed better in the sprint and jump. Height, weight and adiposity accounted for significant portions of variation in the four functional indicators in each age group. Conclusions. Trends in body size of female athletes attending sport schools were generally consistent with observations for female athletes in several sports. Percentages of variance explained in functional indicators were greater in athletes 11 - 13 than 14 - 15 years of age.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
12
Numer
1
Strony
31-40
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-03-01
online
2011-03-14
Twórcy
  • Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Physiotherapy in Internal Diseases, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • Malina R. M., Growth and maturation of young athletes - Is training for sport a factor? In: Chan K.-M., Micheli L. J. (eds.), Sports and Children. Williams and Wilkins Asia-Pacific, Hong Kong, 1998, 133-161.
  • Malina R. M., Bouchard C., Bar-Or O., Growth, maturation, and physical activity. 2nd edition. Human Kinetics, Champaign 2004.
  • DeKnop P., Engstrom L. M., Skirstad B., Weiss M. R. (eds.), Worldwide trends in youth sport. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1996.
  • Heinemann K. (ed.). Sport clubs in various European countries. Karl Hofmann, Schorndorf 1999.
  • Martin R., Saller K., Lehrbuch der Anthropologie in systematischer Darstellung mit besonderer Derucksichtigung der anthropologischen Methoden. Fisher G. Verlag, Stuttgart 1957.
  • Heyward V. H., Wagner D. R., Applied body composition assessment. 2nd edition. Human Kinetics, Champaign 2004.
  • Przewęda R., Dobosz J., Growth and physical fitness of Polish youths [in Polish]. Studia i Monografie AWF w Warszawie, 2005, 103.
  • Committee of Experts on Sports Research. EUROFIT: Handbook for the EUROFIT Tests of Physical Fitness. Council of Europe, Committee for the Development of Sport, Rome 1988.
  • Malina R. M., Bielicki T., Retrospective longitudinal growth study of boys and girls active in sport. Acta Paediatr, 1996, 85, 570-576.
  • Malina R. M., Woynarowska B., Bielicki T., Beunen G., Eweld D., Geithner C. A. et al., Prospective and retrospective longitudinal studies of the growth, maturation, and fitness of Polish youth active in sport. Int J Sports Med, 1997, 18 (suppl. 3), S179-S185.[Crossref]
  • Kuczmarski R. J., Ogden C. L., Grummer-Strawn L. M., Flegal K. M., Guo S. S., Wei R. et al., CDC growth charts: United States. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics, no. 314. National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville 2000.
  • Malina R. M., Body composition in athletes: assessment and estimated fatness. Clin Sports Med, 2007, 26, 37-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.csm.2006.11.004[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • Malina R. M., Bouchard C., Beunen G., Human growth: selected aspects of current research on well nourished children. Ann Rev Anthropol, 1988, 17, 187-219.[Crossref]
  • Malina R. M., Growth and maturation: Normal variation and the effects of training. In: Gisolfi C. V., Lamb D. R. (eds.), Perspectives in exercise science and sports medicine. Vol. 2: Youth, Exercise, and Sport. Benchmark Press, Indianapolis 1989, 223-265.
  • Malina R. M., Crescita e maturazione di bambini ed adolescenti praticanti atletica Leggera/Growth and maturation of child and adolescent track and field athletes. Centro Studi e Ricerche, Federazione Italiana di Atletica Leggera, Rome 2006.
  • Malina R. M., Geithner C. A., Body composition of young athletes. Am J Lifestyle Med [in press for 2011].
  • Fornetti W. C., Pivarnik J. M., Foley J. M., Fiechtner J. J., Reliability and validity of body composition measures in female athletes. J Appl Physiol, 1999, 87, 1114-1122.
  • Oppliger R. A., Clark R. R., Nielsen D. H., New equations improve NIR prediction of body fat among high school wrestlers. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2000, 30, 536-543.[Crossref]
  • Housh T. J., Johnson G. O., Housh D. J., Cramer J. T., Eckerson J. M., Stout J. R. et al., Accuracy of near-infrared interactance instruments and population-specific equations for estimating body composition in young wrestlers. J Strength Cond Res, 2004, 18, 556-560. DOI:10.1519/00124278-200408000-00029[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Moon J. R., Tobkin S. E., Costa P. B., Smalls M., Mieding W. K., O'Kroy J. A. et al., Validity of the BOD POD for assessing body composition in athletic high school boys. J Strength Cond Res, 2008, 22, 263-268. DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31815f60ce[Crossref][WoS]
  • Smith D. B., Johnson G. O., Stout J. R., Housh T. J., Housh D. J., Evetovich T. K., Validity of near-infrared interactance for estimating relative body fat in female high school gymnasts. Int J Sports Med, 1997, 18, 531-537. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-972677.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Malina R. M., Menarche in athletes: a synthesis and hypothesis. Ann Hum Biol, 1983, 10, 1-24.[PubMed][Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-011-0003-0
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