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2009 | 10 | 2 | 163-169
Tytuł artykułu

Changes in Mood States and Selected Personality Traits in Women Participating in a 12-Week Exercise Program

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The aim of the study was: (1) to investigate changes in mood and chosen personality traits in women participating in a 12-week exercise program; (2) to establish relationships between mood and personality traits; (3) to find personality factors predicting mood changes. Basic procedures. Subjects included 39 healthy female volunteers, aged 18-43, participating in a 12-week aerobic exercise program. The aerobics classes lasted 50 min each, including warm-up and cool-down, three times a week. Assessments of mood (UMACL by Matthews, Chamberlain & Jones), trait anxiety (STAI by Spielberger et al.), self-efficacy (GSES by Schwarzer, Jerusalem & Juczyński) and dispositional optimism (LOT-R by Scheier, Carver & Bridges) were obtained in the first and last weeks of the program. Main findings. The obtained results showed that (1) subjects' mood improved following the 12-week aerobic exercise program - tense arousal decreased, whereas hedonic tone and energetic arousal increased; (2) personality traits changed toward better personal adjustment: trait anxiety decreased, self-efficacy and optimism increased; (3) there were no significant relationships between changes in positive mood dimensions (hedonic tone and energetic arousal) and the negative one (tense arousal); (4) there were no correlations between mood changes and personality changes, but mood correlated with trait anxiety, self-efficacy and optimism in both measurements. Conclusions. Mood of healthy adult women improves significantly following a three-month aerobic exercise program, irrespective of positive changes in personality traits.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
10
Numer
2
Strony
163-169
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2009-12-01
online
2009-12-14
Twórcy
  • Department of Psychology, The Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
  • The Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • Brown D.R., Wang Y., Ward A., Ebbeling C.B., Fortlage L., Puleo E. et al., Chronic psychological effects of exercise and exercise plus cognitive strategies. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1995, 27(5), 765-775.
  • Murphy M., Nevill A., Nevill Ch., Biddle S., Hardman A., Accumulating brisk walking for fitness, cardiovascular risk, and psychological health. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2002, 34(9), 1468-1474.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • McDonald D.G., Hodgdon J.A., Psychological effects of aerobic fitness training. Research and theory. Springer, New York 1991.
  • Cramer S.R., Nieman D.C., Lee J.W., The effects of moderate exercise training on psychological well-being and mood state in women. J Psychosom Res, 1991, 35(4-5), 437-449. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3999 (91)90039-Q.[Crossref]
  • Piotrowska-Całka E., Guszkowska M., Effects of aqua-aerobic on emotional states in women. Physical Education Sport, 2007, 51, 11-14. DOI: 10.2478/v10030-007-0016-9.[Crossref]
  • Steptoe A., Kimbell J., Basford P., Exercise and the experience and appraisal of daily stressors: a naturalistic study. J Behav Med, 1998, 21(4), 363-374. DOI: 10.1023/A:1018778730309.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Steinberg H., Nicholls B.R., Sykes E.A., LeBoutillier N., Ramlakhan N., Moss T.P. et al., Weekly exercise consistently reinstates positive mood. European Psychologist, 1998, 3(4), 271-280.[Crossref]
  • Gauvin L., Rejeski W.J., Reboussin B.A., Contributions of acute bouts of vigorous physical activity to explaining diurnal variations in feeling states in active, middle-age women. Health Psychology, 2000, 19(4), 365-375.[Crossref]
  • Guszkowska M., Kozdroń E., Changes in mood states, needs' structure and intellectual level in physically active elderly women [in Polish]. Gerontologia Polska, 2001, 9, 28-33.
  • Guszkowska M., The effect of regular aerobic exercise on emotional states in women. Med Sportiva, 2006, 22, 163-168.
  • Ransford H.E., Palisi B.J., Aerobic exercise, subjective health and psychological well-being within age and gender subgroups. Soc Sci Med, 1996, 42(11), 1555-1559. DOI: 10.1016/0277-9536(95)00252-9.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Kull M., Physical activity and mental health: relationships between depressiveness, psychological disorders and physical activity in women. Biol Sport, 2003, 20(2), 129-138.
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  • Skirka N., The relationship of hardiness, sense of coherence, sports participation, and gender to perceived stress and psychological symptoms among college students. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2000, 40(1), 63-70.[PubMed]
  • Slaven L., Lee Ch., Mood and symptom reporting among middle-aged women: the relationship between menopausal status, hormone replacement therapy, and exercise participation. Health Psychology, 1997, 16(3), 203-208.[Crossref]
  • Guszkowska M., Physical activity and the course of stress transaction among youth [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2005.
  • Morgan W.P., Affective beneficence of vigorous physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1985, 17(1), 94-100.[PubMed]
  • Dudek B., Koniarek J., The adaptation of Profile of Mood States (POMS) by D.M. McNair M. Lorr L.F. Droppelman [in Polish]. Przegl Psych, 1987, 30, 753-762.
  • Goryńska E., Mood Adjective Check List UMACL by G. Matthews A.G. Chamberlain D.M. Jones. Manual [in Polish]. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP, Warszawa 2005.
  • Thayer E.R., The biopsychology of mood and activation. Oxford University Press, New York 1989.
  • Oweis P., Spinks W., Biopsychological, affective and cognitive responses to acute physical activity. J Med Phys Fitness, 2001, 41(4), 528-538.
  • Kavussanu M., McAuley E., Exercise and optimism: Are highly active individuals more optimistic? J Sport Exerc Psychol, 1995, 17(3), 246-258.
  • Leith L.M., Foundations of exercise and mental health. Fitness Information Technology, Morgantown 1994.
  • Petruzzello S.J., Landers D.M., Hatfield B.D., Kubitz K.A., Salazar W., A meta-analysis on the anxiety-reducing effects of acute and chronic exercise: outcomes and mechanisms. Sports Med, 1991, 11(3), 143-182.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Juczyński Z., The measurement instruments in health promotion and psychology [in Polish]. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP, Warszawa 2001.
  • Wrześniewski K., Sosnowski T., Matusik D., State Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI. Polish adaptation of STAI. Manual [in Polish]. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP, Warszawa 2002.
  • Łuszczyńska A., The change of health behaviors [in Polish]. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk 2004.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-009-0014-2
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