Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2009 | 10 | 2 | 116-125
Tytuł artykułu

Social and Somatic Determinants of Physical Fitness in Men Aged 20-70 Years from Cracow

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Purpose. The aim of this study was to determine effects of social and somatic variables on changes of physical fitness in men aged 20-70 years. For this purpose a cross-sectional study of 1,420 industrial workers was carried out. Basic procedures. Correlations were examined between several variables: age, education, physical activity level, BMI, WHR, results of five Eurofit tests (flamingo balance test, plate tapping, sit and reach, standing broad jump, hand grip) and YMCA 3-minute Step Test. ANOVA and step-wise regression were used in the statistical analysis. Main findings. The obtained results point to: (1) a varied regression of motor and cardio-vascular fitness in male subjects between 20 and 70 years of age; (2) high correlation between the standing broad jump results and all the analysed variables; (3) the highest percentage of assignable variation in the results of standing broad jump, hand grip strength tests and % HRmax affected by age and BMI. Conclusions. The significance of the impact of social and somatic variables on motor fitness varies and depends on subjects' age. The regression of motor fitness in men after 50 years of age is a symptom of gradual loss of adaptability to social life concurring with andropause, which is discussed in detail in professional literature.

Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Anthropology, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland
  • Department of Anthropology, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland
  • Department of Anthropology, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland
  • Oja P., Tuxworth B., Eurofit for adults. Assessment of health-related fitness. Council of Europe, Brussels 1995.
  • Howley E.T., Franks B.D., Health Fitness Instructors. Hand-book. Human Kinetics Champaign, 1997.
  • Mleczko E., Zdebski J., Physical activity and the sense of coherence [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 2006, 33, 43-57.
  • Drabik J., Physical activity, fitness and efficiency as human health standards [in Polish]. AWF, Gdańsk 1997.
  • Przewęda R., Physical fitness testing as a health promotion component. In: Physical activity: 2nd Anthropological Workshop [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1999, 39-47.
  • Drabik J., Physical activity in health education. Part I [in Polish]. AWFiS, Gdańsk 1995.
  • Nazar K., Kociuba-Uściłko H., The importance of physical activity in social disease prevention. In: Górski J. (ed.), Physiological basis of physical efficiency [in Polish]. PZWL, Warszawa, 2001-2002, 532-543.
  • Przewęda R., The conditions of school-children physical fitness level [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1985.
  • Cerin E., Leslie E., How socio-economic status contributes to participation in leisure-time physical activity. Social Science and Medicine, 2008, 66 (12), 2596-2609. DOI: 10.1016/ j.socscimed.2008.02.012.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Frömel K., Mitáš J., Kerr J., The associations between active lifestyle, the size of community and SES of the adult population in Czech Republic. Health & Place, 2009, 15 (2), 447-454. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.08.003.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Szopa J., Mleczko E., Cempla J., Variability, genetic and environmental conditions of basic psychomotor and physiological features in an urban population aged 7-62 years [in Polish]. AWF, Kraków 1985, 25.
  • Szopa J., Variability of basic somatic and functional traits in adult residents of Cracow between 19 and 62 years of age in view of socio-economic differentiation [in Polish]. Materiały i Prace Antropologiczne, 1988, 109, 73-103.
  • Jopkiewicz A., Morphological and functional changes in men of different age following selected occupations [in Polish]. WSP, Kielce 1988.
  • Jopkiewicz A., Variability of men's physical fitness and its genetic and environmental determinants [in Polish]. ITE, Radom-Kielce 1998.
  • Welon Z., Juryniec R., Śliwa W., Optimal body weight in men [in Polish]. Materiały i Prace Antropologiczne, 1988, 109, 53-71.
  • Gołąb S., Sobiecki J., Social conditions of physical fitness of men and women at the productive age. In: Social contrasts in health status of Poles. 1st Anthropological Workshop [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1998, 63-74.
  • Charzewska J., Chabros E., Kraszewska E., Age-related changes in selected biological and functional indices. In: Charzewski J. (ed.), Problems of ageing [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2001, 149-157.
  • Gołąb S., Sobiecki J., Matusik S., Determinants of physical fitness and endurance in men from the Kraków population [in Polish]. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska. Sectio D Medicina, 2005, LX (Suppl. XVI), 2, 66-70.
  • Bielicki T., Welon Z., Żukowski W., Social-class differences in physique and physiological fitness [in Polish]. Materiały i Prace Antropologiczne, 1988, 109, 123-140.
  • Żarów R., Matusik S., Gołąb S., Chrzanowska M., The role of social conditions in undertaking physical activity by adult man. In: Bulicz E. (ed.), Health strengthening: factors, mechanisms and health strategies [in Polish]. ITE, Radom 2003, 402-405.
  • Chrzanowska M., Gołąb S., Żarów R., Matusik S., Sobiecki J., The role of social variables and life style in body mass index differentiation in an urban population of adult man. In: The human is the measure of all things [in Polish]. Tower Press, Sopot 2006, 149-153.
  • Gołąb S., Matusik S., Regression of explosive force with age in men in view of social variables [in Polish]. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska. Sectio D Medicina, 2006, LX (Suppl. XVI), 2, 268-272.
  • Januszewski J., Ontogenetic changeability of maximum anaerobic power - results of comparative studies [in Polish]. Antropomotoryka, 1992, 8, 75-87.
  • EUROFIT. European test of physical fitness. Council of Europe, Committee for the Development of Sport. Edigrat Editionale Grafica, Rome 1989.
  • Kuntzleman C.T., Fitness discovery activities. AAHPERD, Reston 1990.
  • Drabik J., Drabik P., Aerobic fitness and physical activity in elder subjects [in Polish]. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport, 1993, XLI, 3, 47-54.
  • Gołąb S., Chrzanowska M., Sobiecki J., Żarów R., Woronkowicz A., Brudecki J., Somatic traits and motor fitness of men from Kraków [in Polish]. Studia i Monografie AWF w Krakowie, 2004, 30.
  • Jopkiewicz A., Symptoms of ageing: regression and involution of human motor fitness [in Polish]. In: Jopkiewicz A. (ed.), Auksologia a promocja zdrowia. KTN, Kielce 2004, 3, 295-306.
  • Wolański N., Human biological development [in Polish]. PWN, Warszawa 1983, 627-634.
  • Vermeulen A., Andropause. Maturitas, 2000, 34 (1), 5-15. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-5122(99)00075-4.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Kaczmarek M., Subjective perception of life satisfaction by men and women during menopause [in Polish]. In: Jopkiewicz A. (ed.), Auksologia a promocja zdrowia. KTN, Kielce 2004, 3, 307-317.
  • Skrzypczak M., The differential effect of socio-economic status and lifestyle on the ageing process in men [in Polish]. Monografie Instytutu Antropologii UAM, Poznań 2005, 11.
  • Bovens A.M.P.M., van Baak M.A., Vrencken J.G.P.M., Wijnen J.A.G., Saris W.H.M., Verstappen F.T.J., Maximal aerobic power in cycle ergometry in middle-aged men and women, active in sports, in relation to age and physical activity. Int J Sports Med, 1993, 14 (2), 66-71. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1021148.[Crossref]
  • Rogers M.A., Hagberg J.M., Martin 3rd W.H., Ehsani A.A., Holloszy J.O., Decline in VO2max with aging in master athletes and sedentary men. J Appl Physiol, 1990, 68 (5), 2195-2199.
  • Proper K.I., Hildebrandt V.H., Physical activity among Dutch workers - differences between occupations. Preventive Medicine, 2006, 43 (1), 42-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.03.017.[Crossref][PubMed]
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.