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Czasopismo
2009 | 10 | 2 | 176-181
Tytuł artykułu

Influence of Culture on Sports Achievements: The Case of Sprint Relay Teams from Japan, Brazil, the USA and Great Britain

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. Research outside sport psychology indicates that collectivist cultures positively influence group achievements. Because of this results of sports teams from collectivist cultures should be better than those of their counterparts from individualist cultures. This hypothesis was examined in two studies. Basic procedures. (1) In study I, 15 coaches, using the IC Interpersonal Assessment Inventory (ICIAI), enumerated characteristics that a perfect team member should possess. (2) In study II, individual results (achieved between 2001 and 2008) of four top Japanese and Brazilian athletes (collectivist cultures) and American and British (individualist cultures) were compared against the best 4 × 100 m relay results from these countries. Main findings. (1) In the coaches' opinion players of team sports should definitely be more collectivist than individualist in relation to the values professed. (2) In the context of athlete's potential, the Japanese and Brazilian relay teams achieved generally better results than their American and British counterparts. Conclusions. The obtained results show that collectivist cultures not only facilitate and favor the development of sports teams, but also enhance their performance.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
10
Numer
2
Strony
176-181
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2009-12-01
online
2009-12-14
Twórcy
  • Institute of Psychology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • Van Dyk G.A.J., De Koc F.S., The relevance of the individualism-collectivism (IC) factor for the management of diversity in the South African national defence force. South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 2004, 30(2), 180-186.
  • Morstin A., (ed.), Individualism and collectivism [in Polish]. FiS PAN, Warszawa 1999.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-009-0008-0
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