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2008 | 9 | 1 | 5-18
Tytuł artykułu

The Situation of Physical Education in Schools: A European Perspective

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Physical Education (PE) in Europe has evolved from influences and initiatives, which have variously shaped national systems either through assimilation or adaptation. As a geopolitical entity Europe is characterised by diversity, testimony to which are different and various forms of structures and practices but there are some elements of congruence in concepts and delivery. Survey and other research evidence indicates a perceived decline or marginalisation of PE in schools, particularly marked in the 1990s, which has attracted attention of the Council of Europe and the European Parliament. In presenting the situational trends and tendencies of PE in schools in the European region, this article draws from three European-wide surveys, a World-wide survey and an extensive literature review including global and regional qualitative studies and national reports. In some countries, there are instances of well implemented programmes and good practices. Equally, there is evidence to generate concern about the situation. The review of PE in Europe is marked by "mixed messages" with indicators of stabilization in some countries juxtaposed between positive, effective policy initiatives in other countries and reticence or little political will to act and continuing concerns in others. There are apparent deficiencies in provision, specifically in curriculum time allocation, subject status, financial, material (inadequacies in facility and equipment supply) and human resources, the quality of the physical education curriculum and its delivery as well as the extent of efficacy of beyond school networks. The crux of the situation is that there is a gap between promise and the reality. The article concludes with suggested strategies, underpinned by development of a "basic needs model", to assist in converting "promises" into "reality" and so secure a safer future for PE in schools.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
9
Numer
1
Strony
5-18
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2008-06-01
online
2008-06-23
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Worcester, United Kingdom
Bibliografia
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  • Hardman K., Reconstruction and partnership: Strategies to sustain school PE for the future. Paper presented at the ICHPER World Congress, July 3-8, 1999, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Hardman K., Marshall J. J., World-wide survey of the state and status of school physical education, Final Report. University of Manchester, Manchester 2000.
  • Hardman K., Council of Europe Committee for the Development of Sport (CDDS), Report on School Physical Education in Europe. MSL-IM 16 (2002) 9, Council of Europe, Strasbourg 2002.
  • Council of Europe, Committee of Ministers, Recommendation Rec(2003) 6 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on improving physical education and sport for children and young people in all European countries. Council of Europe, April 30, 2003, Strasbourg.
  • Hardman K., Current situation and prospects for physical education in the European Union. Directorate General Internal Policies of the Union, Policy Department Structural and Cohesion Policies, Culture and Education. IP/B/CULT/IC/2006/10, February 12, 2007.
  • Pühse U., Gerber M., International Comparison of Physical Education. Concepts, Problems, Prospects. Meyer and Meyer Sport, Oxford 2005.
  • Klein G., Hardman K. (eds.), L'éducation physique et l'éducation sportive dans l'Union européenne. Editions Revue EP. S., Paris 2007.
  • DSB, DSB-SPRINT-Studie. Eine Untersuchung zur Situation des Schulsports in Deutschland. Meyer & Meyer, Aachen 2006.
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  • Balz E., Neumann P., Physical Education in Germany. In: Pühse U., Gerber M. (eds.), International Comparison of Physical Education. Concept-Problems-Prospects. Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2005, 292-309.
  • Halbert J., MacPhail A., Physical Education in Ireland. In: Pühse U., Gerber M. (eds.), International Comparison of Physical Education. Concept-Problems-Prospects. Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2005, 380-399.
  • Puisiene E., Volbekiene V., Kavaliauskas S., Cikotiene I., Physical Education in Lithuania. In: Pühse U., Gerber M. (eds.), International Comparison of Physical Education. Concept-Problems-Prospects. Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2005, 440-459.
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  • Dobosz J., Wit A., The Current Situation of Physical Education in Poland. In: Pühse U., Gerber M. (eds.), International Comparison of Physical Education. Concept-Problems-Prospects. Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2005, 534-553.
  • Kirkeby M., Volunteers and After-School Sports Participation. Unpublished Paper. January 2007.
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  • ENGSO, Guidelines for children and youth sport. German Sports Federation, Frankfurt 1998.
  • EUPEA, Code of ethics and good practice guide for physical education. EUPEA, Ghent 2002.
  • Hardman K., School physical education in Europe - rhetoric and reality: current and future pespectives. Kinesiology. International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology, 2003, 35(1), 97-107.
  • Loopstra O., Van der Gugten T., Physical education from a European point of view. EU-1478. 1997.
  • Rønholt H., Physical Education in Denmark. In: Pühse U., Gerber M. (eds.), International Comparison of Physical Education. Concept-Problems-Prospects. Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2005, 206-227.
  • Annerstedt C., Physical Education and Health in Sweden. In: Pühse U., Gerber M. (eds.), International Comparison of Physical Education. Concept-Problems-Prospects. Meyer & Meyer Verlag, Aachen 2005, 604-629.
  • Sollerhed A-C., The Status of Physical Education in the Swedish School System. Paper, ICHPER. SD 42nd World Congress, Developing Strategies of International Co-operation in Promotion of HPERSD for the New Millennium. July 2-8, 1999, Cairo, Egypt.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10038-008-0001-z
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