PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 13 | 1 | 6-15
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of a Detailed Kinetic Model of Natural Gas Combustion in IC Engine

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Detailed kinetic models are important to describe the oxidation of hydrocarbon fuels. In the present study, a detailed kinetic models has been developed to simulate the combustion of natural gas in IC engine. The proposed models consists of 208 elementary reactions and 72 species. The rate of the production and sensitivity analysis of the proposed reaction models were carried out to visualize the effect of reactions on the formation of various pollutants. In the rate of production analysis, an absolute rate of production coefficients and the normalized rate of production coefficients were calculated for the reactions involved in the formation of pollutant species (CO, NO, NO2, & NH3). In sensitivity analysis, normalized logarithmic sensitivity coefficients were determined the reactions of rates affects the output concentrations of the pollutant species. These two analysis were carried out for two temperatures ranges i.e. 1500 °C and 4000 °C under stoichiometric conditions (when φ=1.0).
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
1
Strony
6-15
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-01-01
online
2011-03-17
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology Lahore, Pakistan
autor
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology Lahore, Pakistan
autor
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology Lahore, Pakistan
autor
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology Lahore, Pakistan
Bibliografia
  • Wartnatz, J. (1983). Hydrocarbon oxidation at high temperatures, Phy Chem. 87, 1008-1022.
  • Warnatz, J. (1993). In Reduced Kinetics Mechanisms for Applied in Combustion Systems; Peters, N., and Rogg, B., Eds.; Sringer-Verlag: New York.
  • Miller, J. A. & Bowman, C. T. (1989). Mechanism and modeling of nitrogen chemistry in combustion, Prog. Energy Combust Sci, 15, 287-338.[Crossref]
  • Gregory P. Smith, David M. Golden, Michael Frenklach, Nigel W. Moriarty, Boris Eiteneer, Mikhail Goldenberg, C. Thomas Bowman, Ronald K. Hanson, Soonho Song, William C. Gardiner, Jr., Vitali V. Lissianski & Zhiwei Qin
  • Pilling, M. J., Turanyi, T., Hughes, K. J. & Clague, A. R.
  • Mansha, M., Saleemi, A.R & Badar Ghauri, M., (2010). Kinetic Models of Natural Gas Combustion in an Internal Combustion Engine, Journal of Natural Gas Chemistry, 19 (1):6-14.
  • Mansha, M., Saleemi, A.R, Ghauri Badar, M. & Ramzan Naveed, (2010). Development and Testing of a Detailed Kinetics Mechanism of Natural Gas Combustion in IC Engine, Journal of Natural Gas Chemistry, 19 (2):97-106.
  • Rabitz, H., Kramer, M. & Dacol, D., (1983). Sensitivity analysis in chemical kinetics. Annals of Reviews of Physical Chemistry, 34, 419-461.
  • Turanyi, T., (1990). Sensitivity analysis of complex kinetic systems: tools and applications. Journal of Mathematical Chemistry, 5, 203-248.
  • Radhakrishnan, K., (1987). Advances in Computer Methods for Partial Differential Equations - VI, eds Vichnevetsky R., Stepleman R. S. IMACS, New Brunswick, NJ,.
  • Radhakrishnan, K., (1990). Numerical approaches to combustion modelling. In Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Vol 135 eds Oran E. S., and Boris J. P. AIAA, Washington.
  • Tomlin, A. S., Turyinyi, T. & Pilling, M. J., Mathematical tools for the construction, investigation and reduction of combustion mechanisms. In Oxidation Kinetics And Autoignition Of Hydrocarbons, ed. M. J. Pilling, Elsevier, Oxford.
  • Turanyi, T., (1990a). Sensitivity analysis of complex kinetic systems: tools and applications. J. Math. Chem. 5, 203-248.[Crossref]
  • Radhakrishnan, K., (1991). Combustion kinetics and sensitivity analysis computations. In: Oran, E. S., Boris, J. P. (Eds.), Numerical Approaches to Combustion Modeling. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, DC, pp. 83-128.
  • Smooke, M. D., Rabitz, H., Reuven, Y. & Dryer, F. L., (1988). Application of sensitivity analysis to premixed hydrogen-air flames. Combustion Science Technology, 59, 295-319.
  • Vajda, S. and Rabitz, H., (1992). Parametric sensitivity and self-similarity in thermal explosion theory. Chemical Engineering Science, 47, 1063-1078.
  • Hwang, Y-T., (1982). On the proper usage of sensitivities of chemical kinetics models to the uncertainties in rate coefficients. Proceedings of the National Science Council B. ROC, 6, 270-278.
  • Nowak, U. & Warnatz, J., (1987). Sensitivity analysis in aliphatic hydrocarbon combustion. Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, 113, 87-103.
  • Yetter, R. A., Dryer, F. L. & Rabitz, H., (1985). Some interpretive aspects of elementary sensitivity gradients in combustion kinetics modeling. Combust. Flame 59, 107-133.
  • Lutz, A. E., Kee, R. J., Miller, J. A., 1988. (SENKIN). A FORTRAN program for predicting homogenous gas phase chemical kinetics with sensitivity analysis. SAND87-8248. Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, USA.
  • Battin F. Leclerc, R. Bounaceur, G. M. Côme, R. Fournet, P. A. Glaude, G. Scacchi & V. Warth (2004). EXGAS User's Guide, Department of Chemical Physical Reaction, NANCY Cedex, France.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10026-011-0002-0
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.