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2010 | 5 | 4 | 470-474
Tytuł artykułu

Faecal shedding of Arcobacter species following experimental infection in rats: Public health implications

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Arcobacter spp. are emerging food borne pathogens associated with prolonged diarrhea and occasional systemic infections such as bactereamia and peritonitis in humans. Information on faecal shedding patterns to assess the potential role they play within the intestine however, is lacking. This study was designed to investigate faecal shedding of local isolates of Arcobacter spp. Using real time PCR for confirmation, A. cryaerophilus and A. butzleri were isolated from the stool of healthy chickens. Pathogenicity of the organisms was tested by administering a single oral challenge of 102–109 cfu/ml to 45 healthy adult male albino rats divided equally among 5 groups. Uninfected rats were used as the control group. A. cryaerophilus and A. butzleri produced infection in 100% of the animals. Experimental infection was dose dependent and caused diarrheal illness and faecal shedding was noted up to 5 weeks post infection. The present study demonstrates that rats can act as a reservoir and potential source of Arcobacter infection in humans and animals exposed to this pathogen.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
4
Strony
470-474
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2010-08-01
online
2010-05-30
Twórcy
  • Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, 4400, Osogbo, Nigeria, drmrsadesiji@yahoo.com
Bibliografia
  • [1] Philips CA (2001). Arcobacter species in food: isolation, identification and control. Trends foods Sci. Technol. 12:263–275 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-2244(01)00090-5[Crossref]
  • [2] Moreno Y, Botella S, Alonso JL, Ferrús, MA, Hernández M and Hernández J (2003). Specific Detection of Arcobacter and Campylobacter strains in water and sewage by PCR and fluorescent in situ hybridization, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1181–1186 http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.69.2.1181-1186.2003[Crossref]
  • [3] Houf K, Devriese LA, Haesebrouck F, Vandenberg O, Butzler JP, Van Hoof J and Vandamme P (2004). Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Arcobacter Arcobacter and Arcobacter cryaerophilus strains isolated from humans and broilers, Microb. Drug Resist.10:243–247 [Crossref]
  • [4] Lastovica AJ and Skirrow MB (2000). Clinical significance of Campylobacter and related species other than Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli. In: I. Nachamkin and M.J. Blaser, Editors, Campylobacter (2nd ed.), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC (2000), pp. 89–120
  • [5] Rice EW, Rodgers MR, Wesley IV, Johnson CH and Tanner SA (1999). Isolation of Arcobacter Arcobacter from ground water, Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 28:31–35 http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2672.1999.00483.x[Crossref]
  • [6] Kiehlbauch JA, Brenner DJ, Nicholson MA, Baker CN, Pathon CM, Steigerwalt AG et al., (1991b) C. Arcobacter species nov. isolated from humans and animals with diarrhoea illness. J Clin. Microbiol.; 29:376–85
  • [7] Ongor H, Cetinkaya B, Acik MN and Atabay HI (2004). Investigation of Arcobacters in meat and faecal samples of clinically healthy cattle in Turkey, Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 38: 339–344 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.2004.01494.x[Crossref]
  • [8] Van Driessche E, Houf K, Van Hoof J, De Zutter L and Vandamme P (2003). Isolation of Arcobacter species from animal feces, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 229:243–248 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1097(03)00840-1[Crossref]
  • [9] Van Driessche E, Houf K, Vangroenweghe F, Nollet N, De Zutter L, Vandamme P and Van Hoof J (2004). Occurrence and strain diversity of Arcobacter species isolated from healthy Belgian pigs, Res. Microbiol. 155:662–666 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resmic.2004.04.011[Crossref]
  • [10] Houf K and Stephan R (2007). Isolation and charercterisation of the emerging food borne pathogen from human stool. J. Microbiol. Method 68: 408–413 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2006.09.020[Crossref]
  • [11] Russel RG, Kiehlbauch JA, Gebhart CJ, Detolla LJ (1992). Uncommon Campylobacter species in infant Macaca nemestrina monkeys housed in a nursery. J. Clin. Microbiol. 30:3024–3027
  • [12] Higgins R, Messier S, Daignault D and Lorange M (1999). Arcobacter Arcobacter isolated from a diarrhoeic non-human primate. Lab. Anim. 33:87–90 http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/002367799780578499[Crossref]
  • [13] Fernandez H, Eller G, Paillacar J, Gajardo T and Riquelme A (1995). Toxigenic and invasive capacities: possible pathogenic mechanisms in Arcobacter cryaerophilus, Mem. Inst. Oswaldo. Cruz. 90:633–634 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761995000500018[Crossref]
  • [14] Van Driesse E and K. Houf (2008). Survival capacity in water of Arcobacter species under different temperature conditions. Journal of Applied Microbiology 105(2):443–51 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2008.03762.x[Crossref]
  • [15] Wesley IV, Wells SJ, Harmon KM, Green A, Schroeder-Tucker L, Glover M and Siddique I (20000) Fecal shedding of Campylobacter and Arcobacter spp. in dairy cattle, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1994–2000 http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.66.5.1994-2000.2000[Crossref]
  • [16] Troutt H F, Osburn B I. Meat from dairy cows: possible microbiological hazards and risks. Rev Sci Tech Off Int Epizoot. 1997; 16:405–414
  • [17] Epoke J and Coker A. O (1991). Intestinal colonization of rats following experimental infection with Campylobacter jejuni. East African medical journal 68: 348–351
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11536-009-0109-3
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