PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2008 | 3 | 2 | 173-178
Tytuł artykułu

Population-based cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly in Turkey: a cross-sectional survey

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, obesity and smoking are known to be the most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because the elderly population has been increasing globally, CVD may become a more important public health problem in the future. This report examines the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly in Ankara, Turkey. This was a cross-sectional survey and included a total of 2720 individuals living in the Ankara district. Trained research staff administered a standard questionnaire in the participants’ homes and worksites. The questionnaire collected information on clinical and demographic characteristics and a self-reported medical history, including past history of hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, coronary artery by-pass graft operation, and cerebrovascular accident. The mean age of the study participants was 69.5 ± 7.2 years. The study identified 1298 women (78.1%) and 753 men (71.2%) with hypertension, and the overall prevalence of hypertension was 75.4%. A total of 739 (27.2%) people had diabetes mellitus, and, of these people, 603 (81.6%) were hypertensive. A total of 1361 people had hyperlipidemia, and 1103 of these patients were also hypertensive. The overall prevalence of obesity was 27.2%. A total of 553 (20.3%) people were smokers. Our findings indicate that cardiovascular risk factors are very common in the elderly. To maximize risk reduction, physicians must take aggressive measures to decrease cardiovascular risk factors.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
3
Numer
2
Strony
173-178
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2008-06-01
online
2008-04-09
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Family Medicine, Fatih University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
autor
  • Department of Nephrology, Fatih University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
  • Department of Cardiology, Fatih University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
autor
  • Department of Nephrology, Fatih University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Bibliografia
  • [1] World Health Organization: The World Health Report ‘Reducing risks, Promoting Healthy Life, Geneva’, World Health Organization, 2002
  • [2] Chobanian A.C., Bakris G.L., Black H.R., Cushman W.C., Green L.A., Izzo J.L. Jr., et al., National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure; National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure., The JNC 7 Report, JAMA., 2003, 289, 2560–2572
  • [3] He J., Whelton P.K., Elevated systolic blood pressure as a risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease, J. Hypertens Suppl., 1999, 17, 7–13
  • [4] Van den Hoogen P.C.W., Feskens E.J.M., Nagelkerke N.J.D., Menotti A., Nissinen A., Kromhout D., for the Seven Countries Study Research Group. The relation between blood pressure and mortality due to coronary heart disease among men in different parts of the world, N. Engl. J. Med. 2000, 342, 1–8 http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJM200001063420101[Crossref]
  • [5] He J., Whelton P.K., Elevated systolic blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular and renal disease: overview of evidence from observational epidemiologic studies and randomized controlled trials, Am. Heart J., 1999, 138, 211–219 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8703(99)70312-1[Crossref]
  • [6] Tugay Aytekin N., Pala K., Irgil E., Akis N., Aytekin H., Distribution of blood pressures in Gemlik District, north-west Turkey, Health Soc. Care Community., 2002, 10, 394–401 http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2524.2002.00379.x[Crossref]
  • [7] Vasan R.S., Beiser A., Seshadri S., Larson M.G., Kannel W.B., D’Agostino R.B., et al., Residual lifetime risk for developing hypertension in middleaged women and men: The Framingham Heart Study, JAMA., 2002, 287, 1003–1010 http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.8.1003[Crossref]
  • [8] Ueshima H., Zhang X.H., Choudhury S.R., Epidemiology of hypertension in China and Japan, J. Hum. Hypertens., 2000, 14, 765–769 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001054[Crossref]
  • [9] Singh R.B., Suh I.L., Singh V.P., Chaithiraphan S., Laothavorn P., Sy R.G., et al., Hypertension and stroke in Asia: prevalence, control and strategies in developing countries for prevention, J. Hum. Hypertens 2000, 14, 749–763 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001057[Crossref]
  • [10] Onat A., Dursunoglu D., Sansoy V., Donmez K., Keles I., Okcun B., et al., Clinical Investigations Trends in Blood Pressure Levels in Turkish Adults:5 year Follow-up of Original Cohort, Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology., 1996, 24, 73–81 (in Turkish)
  • [11] Altun B., Arici M., Nergizoglu G., Derici U., Karatan O., Turgan C., et al., for the Turkish Society of Hypertension and Renal Diseases. Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Turkey (the PatenT study) in 2003, J. Hypertens., 2005, 23, 1817–1823 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.hjh.0000176789.89505.59[Crossref]
  • [12] 2003 European Society of Hypertension-European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension, J. Hypertens., 2003, 21, 1011–1053
  • [13] Bilir N., Doğan B.G., Yıldız A.N., Smoking behavior and attitudes (Turkey). Final Report of Research for International Tobacco Control. Ankara, 1997 (in Turkish)
  • [14] Sonmez H.M., Basak O., Camci C., Baltaci R., Karazeybek H.S., Yazgan F., et al., The epidemiology of elevated blood pressure as an estimate for hypertension in Aydin, Turkey, J. Hum. Hypertens., 1999, 13, 399–404 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1000824[Crossref]
  • [15] Cetinarslan B., Komsuoğlu B., Erem C., Gorcin B., Komsuoglu S.S., Duman E.L., Prevalence of Hypertension and Certain Electrocardiographic Findings Among Elderly People, Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology., 1993, 21, 17–21 (in Turkish)
  • [16] Satman I., Yilmaz M.T., Sengul A., Salman S., Salman F., Uygur S., et al., and the TURDEP Group. Population based study of diabetes and risk characteristics in Turkey. Results of the Turkish Diabetes Epidemiology Study (TURDEP), Diabetes Care., 2002, 25, 1551–1556 http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.25.9.1551[Crossref]
  • [17] Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults-The Evidence Report, National Institutes of Health, Obes Res., 1998, Suppl 2, 51–209
  • [18] Yumuk V.D., Prevalence of obesity in Turkey, Obes Rev., 2005, 6, 9–10 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2005.00172.x[Crossref]
  • [19] Jonas M.A., Oates J.A., Ockene J.K., Hennekens CH. Statement on smoking and cardiovascular disease for health care professionals, American Heart Association, Circulation., 1992, 86, 1664–1669 [Crossref]
  • [20] Buyukozturk K., Ilerigelen B., Kabakcı G., Koylan N., Kozan O., Initial / Intensive Cardiovascular Examination Regarding Blood Pressure Levels: Evaluation of Risk Groups (ICEBERG 1-2), Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology., 2004, 3, 344–349 (in Turkish)
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11536-007-0058-7
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.