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Czasopismo
2011 | 9 | 4 | 1002-1009
Tytuł artykułu

Spring-block model for a single-lane highway traffic

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
A simple one-dimensional spring-block chain with asymmetric interactions is considered to model an idealized single-lane highway traffic. The main elements of the system are blocks (modeling cars), springs with unidirectional interactions (modeling distance-keeping interactions between neighbors), static and kinetic friction (modeling inertia of drivers and cars) and spatiotemporal disorder in the values of these friction forces (modeling differences in the driving attitudes). The traveling chain of cars correspond to the dragged spring-block system. Contrary to most of the studies in the field of highway traffic here we focus on a measure characteristic for one car in the row. Our statistical analysis for the spring-block chain predicts a non-trivial and rich complex behavior. As a function of the disorder level in the system a dynamic phase-transition is observed. For low disorder levels uncorrelated slidings of blocks are revealed while for high disorder levels correlated avalanches dominates.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
9
Numer
4
Strony
1002-1009
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-08-01
online
2011-04-30
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Physics, Babes-Bolyai University, RO-400084, Cluj-Napoca, str. Kogalniceanu nr. 1, Romania
  • Faculty of Physics, Babes-Bolyai University, RO-400084, Cluj-Napoca, str. Kogalniceanu nr. 1, Romania
Bibliografia
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  • [9] B.S. Kerner, The physics of traffic (Spr New York, 2004)
  • [10] Y. Sugiyama et al., New J. Phys. 10, 033001 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/10/3/033001[Crossref]
  • [11] R. Burridge, L. Knopoff, B. Seismol. Soc. Am. 57, 341 (1967)
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  • [14] K.-t. Leung, Z. Néda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 662 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.662[Crossref]
  • [15] K.-t. Leung, L. Jozsa, M. Ravasz, Z. Néda, Nature 410, 166 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35065517[Crossref]
  • [16] F. Járai-Szabó, S. Astilean, Z. Néda, Chem. Phys. Lett. 408, 241 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2005.04.051[Crossref]
  • [17] F. Járai-Szabó et al., J. Optoelectron. Adv. M. 8, 1083 (2006)
  • [18] F. Járai-Szabó, Z. Néda, S. Astilean, C. Farcau, A. Kuttesch, Eur. Phys. J. E 23, 153 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epje/i2006-10194-9[Crossref]
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  • [20] E.-A. Horváth, F. Járai-Szabó, Z. Néda, J. Optoelectron. Adv. M. 10, 2433 (2008)
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11534-011-0007-6
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