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Czasopismo
2011 | 9 | 2 | 308-313
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of airborne metal containing particles with EDX/EDS detectors in electron microscopes

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In years 2006–2010 particulate matter analysis was undertaken for dust samples collected from Gdansk and London area in order to compare their morphology and composition. Part of those studies was devoted to analysis of particulate matter (PM) bearing metals. Characterization of the morphology and size of the particles collected onto the filters was performed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Both electron microscopes were equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometers to identify the elemental composition of the particles. On analysis of the X-ray spectra acquired by both TEM and SEM, the particles were divided into 10 groups as follows: Al-rich, Ba-rich, C-rich, Ca-rich, Cl-rich, Fe-rich, Mg-rich, Na-rich, S-rich, Si-rich. Speciation of the particles based on the major element and accompanying minor elements yielded 34 particle types. However, some pairs of elements repeat, for instance: Na-Cl and Cl-Na, Al-S and S-Al, Si-Al and Al-Si, S-Ca and Ca-S. These are undoubtedly the same types of particles; variation in peak heights of the major and minor elements is normal in a mixed particle population.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
9
Numer
2
Strony
308-313
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2011-04-01
online
2011-02-17
Twórcy
autor
  • Gdansk University of Technology
  • Gdansk University of Technology
  • Brunel University
  • Gdansk University of Technology
Bibliografia
  • [1] M. Gualtieri, P. Mantecca, V. Corvaja, E. Longhin, M.G. Perrone, E. Bolzacchini, M. Camatini, Toxicol. Lett. 188, 52 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2009.03.003[Crossref]
  • [2] M. Vallius, Characteristics and sources of fine particulate matter in urban air (National Public Health Institute, Department of Environmental Health Kuopio, Finland, 2005)
  • [3] E.A. Sondreal, S.A. Benson, J.H. Pavlish, N.V.C Ralston, Fuel Process. Technol. 85, 425 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2004.02.002[Crossref]
  • [4] G.S. Casuccio, S.F. Schlaegle, T.L. Lersch, P. Gerald, G.P. Huffman, Y. Chen, N. Shah, Fuel Process. Technol. 85, 763 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2003.11.026[Crossref]
  • [5] K. Kandler, N. Benker, U. Bundke, E. Cuevas, M. Ebert, P. Knippertz, S. Rodriguez, L. Schutz, S. Weinbruch, Atmos. Environ. 41, 8058 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.06.047[Crossref]
  • [6] Z. Shi, L. Shao, T.P. Jones, A.G. Whittaker, L. Senlin, K.A. Berube, T. He, R.J. Richards, Atmos. Environ. 37, 4097 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(03)00531-4[Crossref]
  • [7] M. Tanaka, M. Takeguchi, K. Furuya, Ultramicroscopy 108, 1427 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2008.05.011[Crossref]
  • [8] S.M. Haley, A.D. Tappin, P.R. Bond, M.F. Fitzsimons, Environ. Chem. Lett. 4, 235 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10311-006-0054-1[Crossref]
  • [9] J. Laigo, F. Christien, R. Le Gall, F. Tancret, J. Furtado, Mater. Charact. 59, 1580 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2008.02.001[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11532-010-0144-6
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