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Czasopismo
2007 | 5 | 2 | 455-465
Tytuł artykułu

Ion-pair chromatographic monitoring of photographic effluents

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Ion-pair chromatographic technique was developed for the rapid and simple determination of the main contaminants (bromide, iodide, sulphite, thiosulphate, thiocyanate, iron(III)-EDTA chelate, free EDTA, hydroquinone and phenidone) in spent photographic solutions. Free EDTA was converted into stable Ni(II)-EDTA chelate prior to analysis. The optimal mobile phase conditions were established by varying the concentrations of tetrabutylammonium (TBA) phosphate and acetonitrile, pH and ionic strength. Separation of five inorganic anions, two metal chelates and two neutral compounds was accomplished in about 30 min using a mobile phase containing 7.5 mmol/L TBA-phosphate, 10 mmol/L NaCl (pH 6.5) and 20% (v/v) acetonitrile. The detection limits (UV detection at 210 nm) ranged from 0.4 µmol/L for phenidone to 8 µmol/L for sulphite with a linearity of 2–2.5 orders of magnitude. The method was applied to the rapid monitoring of spent photographic solutions before and after decomposition. The recovery tests established for two samples were within the range 95–103%. [...]
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
5
Numer
2
Strony
455-465
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2007-06-01
online
2007-02-12
Twórcy
  • Department of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, Vilnius University, LT-03225, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Department of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, Vilnius University, LT-03225, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Institute of Chemistry, LT-01108, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Institute of Chemistry, LT-01108, Vilnius, Lithuania
Bibliografia
  • [1] S.G. Anchell and B. Troop: The film developing cookbook: advanced techniques for film developing, Focal Press, Boston, 1998.
  • [2] L. Lunar, D. Sicilia, S. Rubio, D. Perez-Bendito and U. Nickel: “Degradation of photographic developers by Fenton’s reagent: Condition optimization and kinetics for metol oxidation”, Wat. Res., Vol. 34, (2000), pp. 1791–1802. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00339-5[Crossref]
  • [3] C.D. Stalikas, L. Lunar, S. Rubio and D. Perez-Bendito: “Degradation of medical X-ray film developing wastewaters by advanced oxidation processes”, Wat. Res., Vol. 35, (2001), pp. 3845–3856. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00107-5[Crossref]
  • [4] R. Ragauskas, A. Dikcius, T. Vengris and A. Padarauskas: “Degradation of color photographic waste fix solution by anodic oxidation”, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., Vol. 78, (2003), pp. 81–86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.747[Crossref]
  • [5] R. Ragauskas, J. Matulionyte, T. Vengris and A. Padarauskas: “Regeneration of a spent photographic fixer solution”, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., Vol. 79, (2004), pp. 1003–1008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.1084[Crossref]
  • [6] J. Matulionyte, T. Vengris, R. Ragauskas and A. Padarauskas: “Removal of the components from photoprocessing rinse water by anion-exchange resins”, Desalination, Vol. 208, (2007), pp. 81–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2006.03.585[Crossref]
  • [7] S. Pozdniakova, R. Ragauskas, A. Dikcius and A. Padarauskas: “Determination of EDTA in used fixing solutions by capillary electrophoresis”, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., Vol. 363, (1999), pp. 124–125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002160051154[Crossref]
  • [8] S. Sirichai and A.J. de Mello: “A capillary electrophoresis microchip for the analysis of photographic developer solutions using indirect fluorescence detection”, Analyst, Vol. 125, (2000), pp. 1033–1036. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/a906761b[Crossref]
  • [9] V. Paliulionyte and A. Padarauskas: “Rapid analysis of spent fixing solutions by capillary electrophoresis”, Chromatographia, Vol. 51, (2000), pp. 491–494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02490491[Crossref]
  • [10] A. Padarauskas, V. Paliulionyte, R. Ragauskas and A. Dikcius: “Capillary electrophoretic determination of thiosulfate and its oxidation products”, J. Chromatogr. A, Vol. 879, (2000), pp. 235–243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00298-3[Crossref]
  • [11] S. Sirichai and A.J. de Mello: “A capillary electrophoresis chip for the analysis of print and film photographic developing agents in commercial processing solutions using indirect fluorescence detection”, Electrophoresis, Vol. 22, (2001), pp. 348–354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1522-2683(200101)22:2<348::AID-ELPS348>3.0.CO;2-4[Crossref]
  • [12] Z. Daunoravicius and A. Padarauskas: “Capillary electrophoretic determination of thiosulfate, sulfide and sulfite using in-capillary derivatization with iodine” Electrophoresis, Vol. 23, (2002), pp. 2439–2444. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1522-2683(200208)23:15<2439::AID-ELPS2439>3.0.CO;2-Z[Crossref]
  • [13] B. Pranaityte, A. Padarauskas, A. Dikcius and R. Ragauskas: “Rapid capillary electrophoretic determination of glutaraldehyde in photographic developers using a cationic polymer coating”, Anal. Chim. Acta, Vol. 507, (2004), pp. 185–190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2003.11.028[Crossref]
  • [14] B. Pranaityte, Z. Daunoravicius and A. Padarauskas: “Micellar electrokinetic chromatography of X-ray film developing baths”, Microchim. Acta, Vol. 149, (2005), pp. 49–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-004-0307-2[Crossref]
  • [15] L.R. Snyder, J.J. Kirkland and J.L. Glajch: Practical HPLC Method Development, 2nd ed., Wiley-Interscience, 1997.
  • [16] P. Davidkova: “Determination of developing agents in photographic bathes by liquid chromatography”, J. Inform. Rec. Mat., Vol. 19, (1991), pp. 135–143.
  • [17] A. Padarauskas, Z. Daunoravicius and S. Jermak: “High-performance liquid chromatography of X-ray film developing baths”, Chemija (Vilnius), Vol. 15, (2004), pp. 34–38.
  • [18] L. Lunar, D. Sicilia, S. Rubio, D. Perez-Bendito and U. Nickel: “Identification of metol degradation products under Fenton’s reagent treatment using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry”, Wat. Res., Vol. 34, (2000), pp. 3400–3412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00089-0[Crossref]
  • [19] L. Lunar, S. Rubio, D. Perez-Bendito and C. Jimenez: “Identification of the main by-products of the developing agent N-hydroxyethyl-N-ethyl-3-methyl-pphenylenediamine in photographic effluents by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry”, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., Vol. 16, (2002), pp. 1622–1630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.764[Crossref]
  • [20] L. Lunar, S. Rubio and D. Perez-Bendito: “Ion trap LC/MS characterization of toxic polar organic pollutants in colour photographic wastewaters and monitoring of their chemical degradation”, Environ. Technol., Vol. 25, (2004), pp. 173–184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330409355450[Crossref]
  • [21] P.R. Haddad and P.E. Jackson: Ion chromatography - principles and applications, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990.
  • [22] M.C. Gennaro: “Reversed-phase ion-pair and ion-interaction chromatography”, Adv. Chromatogr., Vol. 35, (1995), pp. 343–381.
  • [23] M.C. Gennaro and S. Angelino: “Separation and determination inorganic anions by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography”, J. Chromatogr. A, Vol. 789, (1997), pp. 181–194. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00971-0[Crossref]
  • [24] M. Sillanpaa, K.B. Raimo and M.L. Sihvonen: “Determination of EDTA and DTPA as their Fe(III) complexes in pulp and paper mill process and waste-waters by liquid chromatography”, Anal. Chim. Acta, Vol. 303, (1995), pp. 187–192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(94)00535-T[Crossref]
  • [25] A. Padarauskas and G. Schwedt: “Capillary electrophoresis in metal analysis. Investigations of multi-elemental separation of metal chelates with aminopolycarboxylic acids”, J. Chromatogr. A, Vol. 773, (1997), pp. 351–360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00184-2[Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11532-007-0013-0
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