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2006 | 4 | 3 | 543-564
Tytuł artykułu

Chemometrics in the assessment of the sustainable development rule implementation

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The sustainable development rule implementation is tested by the application of chemometrics in the field of environmental pollution. A data set consisting of Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn, Cu, Mn, Ni, and Fe content in bottom sediment samples collected in the Odra River (Germany/Poland) is treated using cluster analysis (CA), principal component analysis (PCA), and source apportionment techniques. Cluster analysis clearly shows that pollution on the German bank is higher than on the Polish bank. Two latent factors extracted by PCA explain over 88 % of the total variance of the system, allowing identification of the dominant “semi-natural” and “anthropogenic” pollution sources in the river ecosystem. The complexity of the system is proved by MLR analysis of the absolute principal component scores (APCS). The apportioning clearly shows that Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn and Cu participate in an “anthropogenic” source profile, whereas Fe and Mn are “semi-natural”. Multiple regression analysis indicates that for particular elements not described by the model, the amounts vary from 4.2 % (Mn) to 13.1 % (Cr). The element Ni participates to some extent to each source and, in this way, is neither pure “semi-natural” nor pure “anthropogenic”. Apportioning indicates that the whole heavy metal pollution in the investigated river reach is 12510.45 mg·kg−1. The contribution of pollutants originating from “anthropogenic sources” is 9.04 % and from “semi-natural” sources is 86.53 %.
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
4
Numer
3
Strony
543-564
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2006-09-01
online
2006-09-01
Twórcy
  • Biology and Environmental Protection Institute, Pomeranian Pedagogical Academy, 76-200, Słupsk, Poland , astel@pap.edu.pl
  • Department of Environmental Protection, Collegium Polonicum, Adam Mickiewicz University, 69-100, Słubice, Poland , graglo@amu.edu.pl
  • Department of Water and Soil Analysis, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, 60-613, Poznań, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Protection, Collegium Polonicum, Adam Mickiewicz University, 69-100, Słubice, Poland
  • Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Sofia “St. Kl. Okhridski”, 1164, Sofia, Bulgaria
autor
  • Department of Water and Soil Analysis, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, 60-613, Poznań, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11532-006-0021-5
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