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Selected Personality Traits of Women Training Combat Sports

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Introduction. Contemporary women are more and more independent nowadays and emancipation of women is also visible in sports. The aim of the study was to present certain personality traits of female athletes training selected combat sports. The authors claim that taking up the aforementioned activity is an attempt at overcoming stereotypical attitude to a social role of women. The analysis of results revealed psychological profiles of female athletes. Material and methods. The research included women aged 17 to 36 (N=199). The first group (N=94) consisted of athletes training boxing, judo, wrestling and taekwon-do, the majority of whom had a master sports class. The second group included women not training any sports (N=105). The research was conducted with the use of the following tools: Psychological Gender Inventory, Temperament Inventory, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-R), Creative Behaviour Questionnaire and personal questionnaire created by the authors. Conclusions. The analysis of the material showed that female athletes training combat sports contest traditional femininity since they have more personality traits traditionally attributed to men (high level of masculinity). High psychoticism of the athletes is also perceived as a tendency to break conventions. As highly non-conformist individuals, they live according to their own system of values training sports which are stereotypically treated as masculine. Combat sports are trained by women with low emotional and sensory reactivity, which gives them advantageous position in sports competition.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
1
Strony
3-7
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-03-01
otrzymano
2013-12-17
zaakceptowano
2014-01-20
online
2014-06-06
Twórcy
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Department of Psychology, jwolowik@interia.pl
  • Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Animal Science, Department of Genetics and Animal Breeding
Bibliografia
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  • Renzetti C.M., Curran D.J. (2008). Women, men and society. Warszawa: PWN. [in Polish]
  • Wyżnikiewicz-Kopp Z. (1996). Women's sport in contemporary world. In S. Socha (Ed.), Problems of sexual dimorphism in sport (part 3). Katowice: AWF Katowice. [in Polish]
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  • Strelau J., Zawadzki B. (1993). The Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI): Theoretical assumptions and scale construction. European Journal of Personality 7, 313-336.[Crossref]
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  • Litwiniuk A., Daniluk A. (2009). Selected personality traits of women training basketball and taekwon-do WTF. In Z. Żukowska (Ed.), Sports activity of women. Conditions and results (pp. 56-62). Warszawa: Polskie Stowarzyszenie Sportu Kobiet. [in Polish]
  • Lamarre B.W., Nosanchuk T.A. (1999). Judo - the gentle way. A replication of studies on martial arts and aggression. Perceptual and Motor Skills 88, 992-996.
  • Lamarre B.W., Nosanchuk T.A. (2002). Judo training and aggression: comment on Reynes and Lorant. Perceptual and Motor Skills 94, 1057-1058.
  • Reynes E., Lorant J. (2002). Karate and aggressiveness among eight-year-old boys. Perceptual and Motor Skills 94, 1041-1042.[Crossref]
  • Reynes E., Lorant J. (2004). Competitive martial arts and aggressiveness: a 2-yr. longitudinal study among young boys. Perceptual and Motor Skills 98, 103-105.
  • Reynes E., Lorant J. (2001). Do competitive martial arts attract aggressive children? Perceptual and Motor Skills 93, 382-386.
  • Kuczyńska A. (1992). Psychological gender inventory. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego. [in Polish]
  • Zawadzki B., Strelau J. (1997). Formal Characteristics of Behaviour - Temperament Questionnaire. Manual. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych PTP. [in Polish]
  • Brzozowski P., Drwal R.£. (1995). Polish adaptation of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire EPQ-R. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego. [in Polish]
  • Popek S. (2000). Creative behaviour questionnaire. Lublin: UMCS. [in Polish]
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  • Szmajke A., Adamczuk A. (1993). Self-esteem, the level of aggressiveness and gender identity. Trening 20(4), 117-126. [in Polish]
  • Starzomska M., Kowalczyk A. (2012). Psychological gender of athletes in the light of the results of the authors' own research. The issue of femininity. Kwartalnik Naukowy Towarzystwa Uniwersyteckiego Fides Et Ratio 12(4), 127-140. [in Polish]
  • Cashmor E. (2002). Sport psychology. The key concepts. London: Routledge.
  • Pospiszyl K. (1997). Psychology of women and psychology of men. Problemy Rodziny 3(213), V-VI, 15-21. [in Polish]
  • Guszkowska M., Rogacz D., Wit B. (1999). Temperament and gender role orientation in women participating in recreational gymnastics. Physical Education & Sport / Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport 43(4), 81-89.
  • O'Reilly J., Cahn S.K. (2007). Women and sports in the United States. New England: Northeastern University Press.
  • Terelak J., Górecki A. (2010). Correlation between personality traits and judo athletes' sports achievements according to H.J. Eysenck. Kultura Fizyczna 5-8, 1-9. [in Polish]
  • Dudek B., Hauk M., (2010). Reactivity and the selection of a job. Przegląd Psychologiczny 53(2), 195-210. [in Polish]
  • Doliński D., Szmajke A. (1991). Athletes' personality as a determinant of their functioning in sports conditions. In T. Tyszka (Ed.), Psychology and sport (pp. 78-79). Warszawa: AWF Warszawa. [in Polish]
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  • Burdzicka-Wołowik J. (2012). Personality in stereotypically masculine sports. Zeszyty Metodyczno Naukowe AWF Katowice 33, 127-137. [in Polish]
  • Unrug M., Malesza M. (2012). Differences in personality and temperament of people training amateur and professional combat sports. Młoda Psychologia 1, 117-131. [in Polish].
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pjst-2014-0001
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