Morphological characteristics of female students of physical education compared to students of other subjects at the faculty of physical education and sport in Biała Podlaska
Introduction. TIn a situation characterized by a low birth rate and a highly competitive education market, increasing attention is currently being paid not only to students' level of education, but also to their competencies and predisposition. Consequently, the purpose of this study is to analyze differences in morphological features among physical education students as compared with students of other subjects at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport (WWFiS) in Biała Podlaska. Material and methods. This study is based on anthropometric data from 165 first-year female students at WWFiS in Biała Podlaska. Analysis was conducted on a selection of students divided into groups based on their study profile. Using the technique developed by Martin and Saller, measurements were taken of the anthropometric features required to determine BMI and WHR indexes and to estimate body tissue composition. The following were used to characterize the collected variables: sample size (n) arithmetic mean ( ) and standard deviation (SD). Differences among the groups with regard to the features being measured were assessed using ANOVA variation analysis and NIR testing. Results. The study did not confirm reports from other authors concerning analysis of connections between bodily structure and education profile. Thus, it should be concluded that a student's physique plays only a small role in their being selected to study physical education. Conclusions. The differences noted between the groups should rather be interpreted as owing to environmental differences in the lifestyles of the girls in question, rather than to recruitment procedures and, by extension, education profile.
- The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, email@example.com
- The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska
- Department of Anthropology and Anthropomotorics , Department of Biology and Anatomy
- Department of Physiology and Biochemistry
- Collegium Mazovia Innovative Higher Shool in Siedlce, Faculty of Health Sciences
- 1.Sporis G., Jukić I., Bok D., Vuleta D. Jr., Harasin D. (2011). Impact of body composition on performance in fitness tests among personnel of the Croatian navy. Collegium Antropo- logicum 2, 335-339.
- 2.Smolarczyk M., Wisniewski A., Czajkowska A., Kęska A., Tkaczyk J., Milde K., et al. (2012). The physique and body composition of students studying physical education: a preliminary report. Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism 1, 27-32.
- 3.Vernillo G., Schena E, Berardelli C., Rosa G., Galvani C., Maggioni M., et al. (2013). Anthropometric characteristics of top-class Kenyan marathon runners. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 4, 403-408.
- 4.Mleczko E., Mirek W. (2009). The social structure transformation and inter-generational changeability of somatic and motor development in Cracovian students. Kinesiology 47, 37-42.
- 5.Wasiluk A., Saczuk J., Litwiniuk S. (2003). Selected parameters of body build of candidates for physical education studies in the Institute of Physical Education and Sports in Biała Podlaska. Physical Education and Sport 2, 239-253.
- 6.Central Statistical Office (2012). Statistical yearbook of the Republic of Poland. Warsaw. Retrieved 20.10.2013 from <http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/RS_rocznik_staty->styczny_rp 2012.pdf.
- 7.Buchta K., Lisicki T. (2011). Undergraduate studies in physical education in students' opinion. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism 2, 146-159.
- 8.Martin R., Saller K. (1957). Lehrbuch der Anthropologie in systematischer Darstellung mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der anthropologischenm methoden. Stuttgart: Gustav Eisher Verlag.
- 9.World Health Organization (September 2006). Obesity and overweight. Fact Sheet. No 311. Geneva: WHO Press Office.
- 10.Slaughter M.H., Lohman T.G., Boileau R.A., Horswill C.A., Stillman R.J., van Loan M.D., et al. (1988). Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youths. Human Biology 5, 709-723.
- 11.Bray G., Bouchard C. (Eds.) (2008). Handbook of obesity: clinical applications (3rd edition). New York, USA: Informa Healthcare. Retrieved 20.10.2013 from <http://www.pmc.ps/> pdf/Handbook%20of%20Obesity%20Clinical%2 0Applica- tions,%203rd%20edition.pdf.
- 12.Cabrić M., Krakowiak H., Janczak R. (2003). Comparison of body constitution and body composition in female students in various fields of study. Polish Journal of Physiotherapy 3, 272-276.
- 13.Pasiut U. (2012). Biological state of the students at the University School of Physical Education on the background of the whole of young adults studying in biggest state universities of Cracov. Kinesiology 60, 111-122.
- 14.Mleczko E., Januszewski J. (2009). Long-term trends of changes in physical and motor development observed among Cracovian students. Kinesiology 46, 65-79.
- 15.Starkowicz-Przybycień B. (2010). Body composition and so- matotype of the top of Polish male karate contestants. Biology of Sport 3, 195-201.
- 16.Veale J.P., Pearce A.J., Buttifant D., Carlson J.S. (2010). Anthropometric profiling of elite junior and senior Australian football players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 4, 509-520.
- 17.Saczuk J., Wasiluk A. (2012). Dependence between body tissue composition and results achieved by weightlifters. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity 1, 15-20.
- 18.Wasiluk A. (2011). The characteristics of changes in the physical development of female students from the Eaculty of Physical Education in Biała Podlaska as affected by the size of the place of residence in a continuous study. Rocznik Naukowy AWFiS w Gdańsku 21, 44-51.
- 19.Yildiz Y., Karakag S., Guneg H., Kose H. (2009). Reflection of sport awareness on body composition in students at the School of Physical Education and Sports. Trakya Úniver- sitesi Tip Fakultesi Dergisi 3, 249-255.
- 20.Doak C., Wijnhoven T., Schokker D., Visscher T., Seidel J. (2012). Age standardization in mapping adult overweight and obesity trends in the WHO European Region. Obesity Reviews 2, 174-191.[WoS]
- 21.Bamoshmoosh M., Massetti L., Aklan H., Al-Karewany M., Goshae H.A., Modesti P. A. (2013). Central obesity in Yemeni children: A population based cross-sectional study. World Journal of Cardiology 8, 295-304.
- 22. Kartheuser A.H., Leonard D.E, Penninckx E, Paterson H.M., Brandt D., Remue C., et al. (2013). Waist circumference and waist/hip ratio are better predictive risk factors for mortality and morbidity after colorectal surgery than body mass index and body surface area. Annals of Surgery 5, 722-730.[WoS][Crossref]
- 23.García-Unciti M., Izquierdo M., Idoate E, Gorostiaga E., Grijalba A., Ortega-Delgado E, et al. (2012). Weight-loss diet alone or combined with progressive resistance training induces changes in association between the cardiometabo- lic risk profile and abdominal fat depots. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 4, 296-304.
- 24.Strasser B., Arvandi M., Siebert U. (2012). Resistance training, visceral obesity and inflammatory response: a review of the evidence. Obesity Reviews 7, 578-591.