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2013 | 20 | 2 | 135-140
Tytuł artykułu

The Arches of the Feet of Competitors in Selected Sporting Disciplines

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Introduction. The human foot is an important and individual static-dynamic part of the movement apparatus. Physical activity is one of the many factors which has an impact on the arch of the foot, and specific sporting disciplines affect the morphological construction and active efficiency of the foot to differing degrees. The aim of this study was to evaluate the foot-arches of competitors training in the disciplines of athletics, handball, volleyball and taekwon-do, and to demon­strate the differences in the arching of the foot, depending on the discipline of the participant. Material and methods. Observation of a group of 46 student-competitors at the sports club of the Academic Sports Association (ASA) of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, training in handball, volleyball, athletics and taekwon-do. Using information from plantograms, obtained using a podoscope, the following were analyzed: Wejsflog's indicator, the position of the big toe (hallux) - angle γ; theposition of toe V - angle β;the position of the heel - angle α. Results. The values given by Wejsflog's indicator show the presence of an asymmetry in the arch of the right foot compared to that of the left foot. The reason for this, according to Demczuk-Włodarczyk and Biec [1] may be the type of surface on which training is conducted. The authors demonstrate that fallen arches are less common in practitioners of taekwon-do, who usually train on an elastic mat, which confirms the results of earlier research conducted on competitors at the Academic Sports Association of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska. Conclusions. The occurrence of an abnormal formation of the arches that make up the arch of the foot, and of asymmetry in the arch between the left and right feet observed in the sample, shows the necessity of devoting greater attention to compensatory exercises that strengthen the short muscles of the foot and the muscles of the calf in the training process, in order to make up for frequently unbal­anced strain.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
2
Strony
135-140
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-06-01
online
2013-11-27
Twórcy
  • The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Chair of Physical Education, Department of Correction and Compensation, malgorzata.lichota@awf-bp.edu.pl
  • The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Chair of Physical Education, Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education
  • The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Chair of Physical Education, Waterworld Centre “Aquatic Fun”, Warsaw
Bibliografia
  • 1. Demczuk-Włodarczyk E., Biec E. (2002). The morphological construction of the feet of martial arts competitors. Fizjotera­pia 3-4, 37-42. [in Polish]
  • 2. Dziak A. (1973). The Anatomy of the Foot. Chorzów: PWSZ. [in Polish]
  • 3. Bochenek A., Reicher M. (1990). Human Anatomy. vol. I. Warszawa: PZWL. [in Polish]
  • 4. Demczuk-Włodarczyk E. (2003). The Construction of the Hu­man Foot in The Period of Progressive Development. Wro­cław: AWF. [in Polish]
  • 5. Kutzner-Kozińska M. (2008). The Process of Correcting Faults of Posture. Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish]
  • 6. Malina H. (1996). Faults ofthe Lower Limbs. Corrective Proce­dures. Kraków: Firma Handlowo-Usługowa Kasper. [in Pol­ish]
  • 7. Gradek J., Mleczko M., Bora P. (2004). The arches of the foot in young athletes. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Zdrowotne 67, 11-14. [in Polish]
  • 8. Villaroya M.A., Esquivel J.M., Toma's C., Buenafe A., More­no L. (2007). Foot structure in overweight and obese chil­dren. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 17, 1-7.[WoS]
  • 9. Mikołajczyk E., Jankowicz-Szymańska J. (2010). The influ­ence of weight gain on the arches of the foot and the for­mation of the limbs in seven-year-olds. Fizjoterapia 18(2), 10-20. [in Polish]
  • 10. Furgał W., Adamczyk A. (2008). The formation of the arches of the foot in children dependent on the level of physical activity. Medycyna sportowa 5(6), Vol. 24, 311-317. [in Pol­ish]
  • 11. Kuraś Z. (1958). A functional investigation of the foot in middle- and long-distance athletes from Academic Sports Association in Warsaw. Kultura Fizyczna 8, 567-574. [in Pol­ish]
  • 12. Niżankowski Cz., Wanke A. (1967). Variation in the arches of the foot of competitors in selected sporting disciplines. Rozprawy Naukowe WSWF Wroclaw 14, 209-215. [in Polish]
  • 13. Socha O. (1970). The construction and function of the feet of swimmers and non-swimmers. Rozprawy Naukowe WSWF Wroclaw 8, 61-88. [in Polish]
  • 14. Ślężyński J., Dębska H. (1977). Plantographic research on the world's top wrestlers. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport 1, 75-84. [in Polish]
  • 15. Nadolska-Ćwikła I. (1998). The arches of the foot amongst wrestlers and the effects of training. In D. Umiastowska (Ed.), Physical activity at different ages. III Scientific Confer­ence, 4-5 January 1997. Scientific Materials no 3 (pp. 43-46). Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Promocyjne Albatros. [in Polish]
  • 16. Nadolska-Ćwikła I. (2000). The assessment of the foot- arches of fifteen-year-old boys participant and non-par­ticipant in sport. In D. Umiastowska (Ed.), Physical activity at different ages. 2-3 January 1999. Scientific Materials no 5 (pp. 284-289). Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Promocyjne Alba­tros. [in Polish]
  • 17. Aydog S.T., Demirel H.A., Tetik O., Aydog E., Hascelik Z., Doral M.N. (2004). The sole arch indices of adolescent bas­ketball players. Saudi Medical Journal 25(8), 1100-2.
  • 18. Cain L.E., Nickolson L.L., Adams R.D. (2007). Foot morphol­ogy and foot/ankle injury indoor football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 10, 311-319.[Crossref]
  • 19. Boguszewska K. (2008). Assessment of the foot-arches of judo competitors of the Academic Sports Association of the University of Physical Education, Warsaw. Zeszyty Meto- dyczno-Naukowe AWF w Katowicach 25, 255-262. [in Polish]
  • 20. Andrzejewska J., Burdukiewicz A., Chromik K., Pietraszew- ska J., Stachoń A. (2010). Morphological structure and char­acteristics of judo contestants' feet. Acta bio-Optica et Infor- matica Medica 1(16), 21-24.
  • 21. Trocińska A. (2009). The characteristics of selected aspects of the construction of the foot in women and men doing judo. In B. Marecki (Ed.), Sport and tourism in present life style (pp. 89-95). Poznań: Wydawnictwo AWF w Poznaniu. [in Polish]
  • 22. htts://www.posmed.com.pl <http://www.posmed.com.pl>
  • 23. Śliwa W., Chromik K. (2005). Faults in bodyposture and their assessment - training material. Legnica: Wydawnictwo Edy­tor. [in Polish]
  • 24. Wejsflog G. (1955). Plantoconturographics. Tygodnik Lekar­ski 10(15), 1670-1677. [in Polish]
  • 25. Zeyland-Malawka E. (1999). Corrective Exercises. Gdańsk: AWF. [in Polish]
  • 26. Stupnicki R. (2000). Biometrics: a Brief Outline. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo MARGOS. [in Polish]
  • 27. Stawczyk Z. (1965). Attainable jumps and the arches of the foot. Roczniki Naukowe WSWF Poznań 10, 229-240. [in Pol­ish]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pjst-2013-0013
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