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2013 | 20 | 1 | 58-62
Tytuł artykułu

Physical Activity of Warsaw's Six Year old Children and Its Correlation with Physical Fitness

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Introduction. Physical activity and physical fitness are among the positive measures of health. Their assessment is justified from the point of view of prevention of many civilization diseases. The aim of this paper is to describe the physical activity of six year old children in Warsaw and to determine its relationship to physical fitness. Material and methods. The study was conducted in two series - in the spring of 2011 and 2012. Data were collected for 742 children from selected pre-school institutions in Warsaw. The average age of the children born in 2005 (2011 edition) and 2006 (2012 edition) was 5.84 ± 0.31 years. The numbers in both categories were equal, and amounted to 371 girls and boys. The choice of educational institutions was such, as to ensure that the sample was representative. In order to assess the children's physical activity, the method of diagnostic survey was used (questionnaire). The questionnaire addressed to the parents included questions about the participation of their children in pre-school, extracurricular and family forms of physical activity and the amount of time spent on passive leisure activities. To evaluate the physical fitness we used a test consisting of five motor trials (bend while sitting down, sit up from the lying position 30 s, long jump from stationary position, run 10x5 m, 1 kg medicine ball throw forward). Mathematical analysis of the material utilised selected methods of descriptive statis- 2 tics (including cluster analysis), standardization of data and the χ2 test. Results. In the both gender subgroups three clusters were formed, corresponding to the above-average, average, and reduced physical fitness. Parents of children with the highest level of motor skills often declared significant participation of their children in family and extracurricular forms of physical activity and less time spent in front of TV or computer. Conclusions. In the population of six year old children in Warsaw positive relationship were found between the claimed physical activity and physical fitness
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
1
Strony
58-62
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2013-03-01
online
2013-07-10
Twórcy
  • The Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Department of Physical Education Theory and Correction, 34 Marymoncka Street, 00-968 Warszawa, tel.: +48 602 622 480, fax: +48 22 8651080, dorota.trzcinska@awf.edu.pl
autor
  • The Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education, Department of Physical Education Theory and Correction
  • The Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education, Department of Physical Education Theory and Correction
Bibliografia
  • Bonikowska-Zgaiñska M. (2011). The role of physical activity in developing and retaining a person's mental and physical fitness. In R. Asienkiewicz (Ed.), Humanistic and social issues of physical education (pp. 9-19).Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski.
  • Nowocieñ J. (2013). A study on physical education pedagogy. Studia i Monografie nr 142. Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Starosta W. (2011). The importance of a minimum of physical activity of man to his health and quality of life. In J. Tatarczuk, R. Sienkiewicz, E. Skorupka (Eds.), Ontogeny and health promotion in the context of medicine, anthropology and physical education (pp. 253-264). Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski. [in Polish]
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  • Pastuszak A., Małolepsza A., Kasznicki P. (2008). Effects of physical activity on body composition and physical fitness of young people. In A. Kuder, K. Perkowski, D. OEledziewski (Eds.), The improvement process in training and sport competition - diagnosis (pp.141-144). Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Naukowe Kultury Fizycznej.
  • Poliszczuk D., Poliszczuk T., Leoñczuk K. (2009). The impact of recreational forms of physical activity on changes in exercise capacity and physical fitness in boys aged 10-12 years. In J. Nowocieñ (Ed.), Socio-Educational facets of contemporary sport and Olympism vol. I (pp.130-147). Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Staniszewski T. (2007). Assumed and actual functions of schools in preparing children in early school age to physical recreation in the family. Studia i Monografie nr 1. Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Trzciñska D., Tabor P., Olszewska E. (2009). The level of somatic development and physical fitness of male volleyball players aged 15-16. In K. Górniak, M. Lichota (Eds.), Correction and compensation of physical development disorders in children and youth (pp. 283-294). Biała Podlaska: ZWWF.
  • Umiastowska D. (2009). Physical fitness and participation in various forms of movement of children from primary schools in Zachodniopomorskie Voivodeship. In J. Nowocieñ (Ed.), Socio-Educational facets of contemporary sport and Olympism vol. I (pp. 148-158). Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Dobosz J. (2012). Fitness and health of children and adolescents over the 30 years of political changes in Poland. Report of National debate on the conditions, the realities and challenges of physical education in Poland, November 28, 2012. Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Jopkiewicz A., Kooecielnik J. (2011). Physical activity and leisure activities of young people aged 11-16. In J. Tatarczuk, R. Asienkiewicz, E. Skorupka (Eds.), Ontogeny and health promotion in the context of medicine, anthropology and physical education (pp. 389-405). Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski. [in Polish]
  • Marchewka J., Mucha A., Rogóż J., Kryst £. (2011). Physical activity during leisure time of students of secondary schools in Bielsko-Biala. In J. Tatarczuk, R. Asienkiewicz, E. Skorupka (Eds.), Ontogeny and health promotion in the context of medicine, anthropology and physical education (pp. 443- 456). Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski. [in Polish]
  • Stanisz A. (2007). An accessible course of study in statistics using STATISTICA PL , based on medical examples. Multidimensional analysis vol.3. Kraków: StatSoft. [in Polish]
  • Czaprowski D., Biernat R., Stoliñski £., Szczygieł A. (2011). Sedentary behaviour of children and adolescents in daily and weekly distribution. In J. Tatarczuk, R. Asienkiewicz, E. Skorupka (Eds.), Ontogeny and health promotion in the context of medicine, anthropology and physical education (pp. 343-363). Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski. [in Polish]
  • Czaprowski D., Stoliñski £., Szczygieł A., Kêdra A. (2011). Extracurricular physical activity of children and adolescents in daily and weekly distribution. In J. Tatarczuk, R. Asienkiewicz, E. Skorupka (Eds.) Ontogeny and health promotion in the context of medicine, anthropology and physical education (pp. 325-342). Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski. [in Polish]
  • Jopkiewicz A., Kochanowski J. (2011). Physical activity and fitness in children from two different social strata. In R. Asienkiewicz (Ed.), Humanistic and Social Issues of Physical Education (pp. 61-78). Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pjst-2013-0006
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