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2014 | 16 | 3 | 63-68
Tytuł artykułu

Modified and Unmodified Zinc Oxide as Coagent in Elastomer Compounds

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this work was to study the activity of unmodified and modified ZnO in the peroxide crosslinking of hydrogenated acrylonitrile-butadiene elastomer (HNBR) and ethylene-propylene copolymer (EPM). In the first step, zinc oxide was obtained by emulsion precipitation. Maleic acid was introduced onto the surface of ZnO using an in situ method. The unmodified and modified zinc oxide was characterized using dispersive and morphological analysis, BET surface area analysis, and elemental, spectroscopic and thermal analysis. In the second stage of the research, the ZnO/MA systems were incorporated into the structure of elastomer compounds improving the kinetic and mechanical properties of vulcanizates. The proposed modification method had a favorable effect on the physicochemical properties of the zinc oxide and on the kinetic and mechanical properties of the vulcanizates. This study demonstrated that modification of zinc oxide by maleic acid is a promising technique.
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
16
Numer
3
Strony
63-68
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-09-01
online
2014-10-03
Twórcy
  • Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Berdychowo 4, PL-60965 Poznan, Poland
  • Technical University of Lodz, The Faculty of Chemistry, Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Stefanowskiego 12/16, PL-90924 Lodz, Poland
  • Technical University of Lodz, The Faculty of Chemistry, Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Stefanowskiego 12/16, PL-90924 Lodz, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Das, A., Wang, D.Y., Leuteritz, A., Subramaniam, K., Greenwell, H.C., Wagenknecht, U. & Heinrich, G. (2011). Preparation of zinc oxide free, transparent rubber nanocomposites using a layered double hydroxide filler. J. Mater. Chem. 21, 7194-7200. DOI: 10.1039/C0JM03784B.[Crossref]
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  • 7. Yuan, Z., Zhou, W., Hu, T., Chen, Y., Li, F., Xu, Z. & Wang, X. (2011). Fabrication and properties of silicone rubber/ZnO nanocomposites via in situ surface hydrosilylation. Surf. Rev. Lett. 18, 33-38. DOI: 10.1142/S0218625X11014448.[WoS][Crossref]
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  • 12. Hamed, G.R. & Hua, K.C. (2004). Effect of zinc oxide particle size on the curing of carboxylated NBR and carboxylated SBR. Rubber Chem. Tech. 77, 214-226. DOI: 10.5254/1.3547818.[Crossref]
  • 13. Przybyszewska, M. & Zaborski, M. (2009). The effect of zinc oxide nanoparticle morphology on activity in crosslinking of carboxylated nitrile elastomer. Express Polym. Lett. 3, 542-552. DOI: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2009.68.[WoS][Crossref]
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  • 15. Heideman, G., Datta, R.N., Noordermeer, J.W.M. & Van Baarle, B. (2005). Infl uence of zinc oxide during different stages of sulfur vulcanization. Elucidated by model compound studies. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 95, 1388-1404. DOI: 10.1002/app.21364.[Crossref]
  • 16. Thomas, S.P., Mathew, E.J. & Marykutty, C.V. (2012). Synthesis and effect of surface modified nano ZnO in natural rubber vulcanization. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 124, 3099-3107. DOI: 10.1002/app.35349.[Crossref]
  • 17. Sabura Begum, P.M., Mohammed Yusuff, K.K. & Joseph, R. (2008). Preparation and use of nano zinc oxide in neoprene rubber. Int. J. Polym. Mater. 57, 1083-1094. DOI: 10.1080/00914030802341646.[Crossref][WoS]
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  • 20. Maciejewska, M. & Zaborski, M. (2010). Coagents of peroxide crosslinking of elastomer. Przem. Chem. 89, 472-477.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pjct-2014-0052
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